While German is a Germanic language, French is an Italic language. What both languages have in common is that they originally derived from the same proto language (Indo-European languages), but they split off around 1,000 BC, so German and French have had more than 3,000 years to “drift apart”.
When did Germanic languages split?
When we say Germanic languages, we’re referring to all of the languages that were once part of the language ancestor Proto-Germanic. Linguists believe this language was spoken between ca. 500 BCE until around the 5th century CE, when it began to split into different branches (more on these branches in a minute).
Did Germans speak French?
The official language of Germany is Standard German, with over 95 percent of the country speaking Standard German or German dialects as their first language.
|Languages of Germany|
|Foreign||English (56%) French (18%) Dutch (9%) Italian (7%) Russian (6%) Spanish (6%) Danish (2%)|
|Signed||German Sign Language|
Did German influence French?
Although approximately ten percent of Modern French words are derived from Frankish, Frankish was not the only source of Germanic words in French. Gothic languages, like Burgundian, made contributions (via Provençal), as did Old Norse and Old English via Norman French.
Why do the French not speak a Germanic language?
French is not a Germanic language, but rather, a Latin or a Romance language that has been influenced by both Celtic languages like Gaelic, Germanic languages like Frankish and even Arabic, other Romance languages such as Spanish and Italian or more recently, English.
Is German or English older?
The earliest forms of the language which developed into Modern Standard English were attested in the mid-7th Century CE, while the earliest forms of the language which developed into Modern Standard German were attested in the mid-8th Century CE.
What language family does German belong to?
German belongs to the West Germanic group of the Indo-European language family, along with English, Frisian, and Dutch (Netherlandic, Flemish).
Is Dutch language German?
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language that is the national language of the Netherlands and, with French and German, one of the three official languages of Belgium. Dutch is also called Netherlandic or Dutch Nederlands; in Belgium it is called Flemish or Flemish Vlaams.
Is Dutch and German the same?
Dutch is a unique language with a lot of interesting features. It’s most notable for being within the same language family as German but closely similar to the English language. In other words, it’s the link between the two languages. Dutch, however, can’t be described as the mixture of German and English.
What is Germany’s second language?
French: 42,100,000 (92%) Occitan: 1,670,000 (3.65%) German and German dialects: 1,440,000 (3.15%)
Is French a Germanic or Romance language?
As many of you know, French is a member of the Romance languages, daughter language of Latin, just like Italian, Romanian, Portuguese or Catalan.
Why does French sound Germanic?
It seems that the answer lies in substrate languages that French came into contact with. … The sound seems to have undergone a slow decay as French evolved after the fall of the Roman Empire. However, when the Gallo-Roman met the Frankish tribes (of Germanic origins), they reintroduced the sound.
Are the Franks German or French?
Frank, member of a Germanic-speaking people who invaded the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. Dominating present-day northern France, Belgium, and western Germany, the Franks established the most powerful Christian kingdom of early medieval western Europe. The name France (Francia) is derived from their name.
When did Franks start speaking French?
|Era||c. 5th to 9th century, gradually evolved into Old Dutch, dissolved with other West Germanic varieties into Old High German, and influenced Old French as a superstrate.|
|Language family||Indo-European Germanic West Germanic Istvaeonic Frankish|
|Writing system||Elder Futhark (not widely used)|
Are German and French similar?
So, are French and German similar? French and German have similarities in vocabulary, and have a high lexical count. However, they are not close languages, because overall they remain significantly distinct from each other. From pronunciation to grammar rules, French and German are not closely related.