The last of the Vichy exiles were captured in the Sigmaringen enclave in April 1945. Pétain was put on trial for treason by the new Provisional Government, and sentenced to death, but that was commuted to life imprisonment by de Gaulle.
How did Vichy France end?
U.S. and British forces landed in North Africa; the main units of the French fleet were scuttled by their crews at Toulon to prevent their falling into German hands; and on November 11, 1942, Germany occupied the whole of France and disbanded the “armistice army” of Vichy.
What happened to Vichy?
They (the Vichy Government) fled to Germany with the Free French in pursuit. They were eventually captured and brought back to France (except for Petain who went back to France willingly).
When did Germany take over Vichy France?
On November 10, 1942, German troops occupy Vichy France, which had previously been free of an Axis military presence. Since July 1940, upon being invaded and defeated by Nazi German forces, the autonomous French state had been split into two regions.
What is Vichy France known for?
Vichy is renowned as one of the largest spas in France. The town, largely modern and with a profusion of hotels, is separated from the river by parks surrounding the two extensive bathing establishments. Known to the Romans as Vicus Calidus, Vichy acquired fame for its alkaline springs in the 17th century.
How many French collaborators were executed?
At the close of the war, France punished many Nazi collaborators: 9,000 were summarily executed during the liberation campaign, 1,500 were executed after a trial, and 40,000 were sentenced to prison.
Why did Germany not occupy all of France?
Because France was not a strategic priority, and in fact occupying all of France would be counterproductive to Nazi Germany. As you can see, the occupation was designed in a way so that to cut off France from Great Britain and by extension America.