Switzerland uses ‘septante’ for 70, ‘octante’ or ‘huitante’ for 80 and ‘nonante’ for 90. In some parts of Belgium, some of these are used too. So why didn’t the French think of this? … Many believe it ended up in French due to the influence of the Celts in France, whose languages use the base 20 system.
Why don t the French have a word for 80?
In the Middle Ages, 80 in French was called quatre-vingt (80) (four twenty) because people used twenty as the base in their calculation (twenty-ten: 30, two-twenty: 40…). By the end of the Middle Ages, languages evolved and 80 was called octante.
Does French 70?
France traditionally used the vigesimal system: Twenty (vingt) is used as a base number in the French language names of numbers from 70 to 99, except in the French of Belgium, Switzerland, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, the Aosta Valley and the Channel Islands.
Why does French only count to 60?
In French, soixante (60) is the last iteration of ten to have its own word. Going higher, such as seventy is soixant dix (60-10), eighty is quatre vingt (4-20), 90 is quatre vingt dix (4-20-10).
Why do the French count the way they do?
The number system in French is derived from that used in Gaulish, the Celtic language spoken in France before the modern Romance language drove it out. … Thus, ninety is ‘ceithir fichead is a deich’ (four twenties and ten, exactly like French ‘quatre vingt dix’).
Why is there no word for ninety in French?
In keeping with the general weirdness at this end of the number scale, there’s no standard French word for ninety* either; it follows the same pattern as 70. That is, you continue using quatre-vingt and adding from ten. 90 is quatre-vingt-dix (four-twenty-ten), 91 is quatre-vingt-onze (four-twenty-eleven), etc.
How do you tell the difference between 60 and 70 in French?
Remember that the French word for sixty (60) is soixante. The first part of the numbers from 70-79 start with soixante (60) followed by dix, onze, douze, treize, etc.
How do you say 72 in French?
The Number 72 in French
72 est le soixante-douzième nombre.
How do French numbers work?
In most French-speaking countries, there is no word for 70, 80, and 90. Instead, for the numbers 70 to 79, combine the tens with the tens. … For numbers 90 to 99, combine the number 4, the number 20, and the tens. For example, 90 is four 20s plus 10, 91 is four 20s plus 11, and so forth.
Why do the French say four twenties?
Originally Answered: Why is the number 80 is named “quatre-vingts” (literally 4 times 20) in French? This is the Celtic way of counting, using base 20, as opposed to the Roman way of counting in base 10. It is an element of Gaulish culture that survived the Roman conquest of Gaul.
How do you say 70 in Belgium?
70 = septante; 71 = septante et un; 72 septante deux, etc. 80 = quatre-vingt, Zut!