The Second Estate consisted of the nobility of France, including members of the royal family, except for the King. Members of the Second Estate did not have to pay any taxes. They were also awarded special priviliges, such as the wearing a sword and hunting.
What was the second estate called in France?
France under the Ancien Régime was divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners).
What did the second estate want in the French Revolution?
Whereas the King sought tax reform, the First and Second Estates sought to protect their power and privilege. The Third Estate wanted greater representation and greater political power to address issues of inequality.
What are the three estates French Revolution?
The political and financial situation in France had grown rather bleak, forcing Louis XVI to summon the Estates General. This assembly was composed of three estates – the clergy, nobility and commoners – who had the power to decide on the levying of new taxes and to undertake reforms in the country.
What did the Second Estate represented?
The Second Estate represented the nobility, which comprised less than 2 percent of the French population. The Third Estate represented the overwhelming majority of the French population, from the wealthy urban elite to craftsmen and the peasantry.
What is the 1st 2nd 3rd and 4th Estate?
Kingdom of France. France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners). The king was considered part of no estate.
What was estate General in French Revolution?
The Estates-General of 1789 was a general assembly representing the French estates of the realm summoned by Louis XVI to propose solutions to France’s financial problems. It ended when the Third Estate formed into a National Assembly, signaling the outbreak of the French Revolution.
What did the 3rd estate do in the French Revolution?
The Estates-General had not been assembled since 1614, and its deputies drew up long lists of grievances and called for sweeping political and social reforms. The Third Estate, which had the most representatives, declared itself the National Assembly and took an oath to force a new constitution on the king.
What privileges did the first and second estate have?
Two of the three estates had rights and privileges such as being excused from paying taxes, and having the opportunity to run for a high office. The other estate was not treated with the same luxury. They had to pay insanely high taxes and many did not get the right to get an education.
What were the grievances of the second estate?
The documents recorded criticisms of government waste, indirect taxes, church taxes and corruption, and the hunting rights of the aristocracy. While the cahiers conveyed the grievances of common people, they were not meant to directly challenge the Ancien Régime. They were instead suggestions of reforms.
What is the 1st 2nd 3rd and 4th Estate in India?
The First Estate consisted of three hundred clergy. The Second Estate, three hundred nobles. The Third Estate, commoners.” The book is fiction based on the lives of two real-life Press Barons, Robert Maxwell and Rupert Murdoch.
What was the third estate answers?
In the pamphlet, Sieyès argues that the third estate – the common people of France – constituted a complete nation within itself and had no need of the “dead weight” of the two other orders, the first and second estates of the clergy and aristocracy.
Did the second estate pay taxes?
The Second Estate was made up of the nobility-it numbered around 400,000 people. … It made up the majority of the French population. The First and Second Estates enjoyed certain privileges that the Third Estate did not. Firstly, although they were the richest, they did not have to pay taxes.
What was estates general answer?
Answer: The Estates-General was an assembly comprising the clergy of the French nobles and the middle class. … The Estates-General represented all of France’s three estates. This assembly combined the First, Second and Third Estate members and acted as France’s legislative assembly.
Which estate is carrying the other two estates on his back?
The First And Second Estate (Nobles And Clergy) Ride On The Back Of The Third, The Peasants.
What were the three estates in French society explain each?
First Estate was the Priests and Bishops. The Second Estate was the Nobles, and the Third Estate was the peasants or poor people. The Nobles and Priests getting richer and not paying taxes and the poor getting poorer. Plus the 3rd estate did not have a fair say in the government.