Adjectives describe a noun and all French adjectives agree with the noun in gender and number. The general rule is that for feminine nouns, add -e, for masculine plural nouns, add -s, and for feminine plural nouns, add -es.
How do you make a French adjective feminine?
The basic rule in changing a masculine adjective into its feminine form is simply to add an -e to its ending. If it already ends with an -e, usually you do not need to add another one. A lot of adjectives that end in a consonant can be changed to feminine by doubling the consonant and adding an -e towards the end.
How do you make a French word masculine or feminine?
Many masculine French nouns can be made feminine simply by changing the ending. This is usually done by adding an -e to the masculine noun to form the feminine.
How do you turn a masculine adjective or noun into a feminine?
Making feminine forms
- Generally, if an adjective ends in -e in the masculine, the feminine forms will be identical: …
- If an adjective in the masculine ends in any other vowel, or in -ent, -ant, an -e is added to form the feminine: …
- Adjectives ending in “vowel + l, n, s, or t” generally double the consonant and add an -e:
How do you modify an adjective in French?
In most cases French adjectives change the following way:
- You add a “e” if the word it describes is feminine (except if the adjective ends with a silent “e”, that is a “e” without accent)
- You add a “s” if the word it describes is plural except if the adjective already ends with a “s”.
How do you change masculine to feminine?
Masculine can be changed into feminine by adding ‘-ess’. In some noun, that has an ending in ‘r’ after masculine can be changed into feminine by adding ‘-ess’ removing the ‘vowel before the last letter. Masculine can be changed into the feminine by using a completely different word.
What are some masculine words?
List of masculine and feminine words in English:
Why does French have masculine and feminine?
French is derived from Latin, which has masculine, feminine and neuter. Neuter disappeared over time, some of the neuter nouns becoming feminine, others masculine. Latin originated from Proto-Indo-European, which also had the same three genders.
What is a masculine adjective in French?
Masculine irregular adjectives
The French use special forms of beau (bel), nouveau (nouvel), and vieux (vieil) before masculine nouns beginning with a vowel or vowel sound. If, however, the adjective comes after the noun, the regular masculine form is used: un bel arbre (a beautiful tree); L’arbre est beau.
What is the difference between Le La L and Les in French?
With masculine singular nouns → use le. With feminine singular nouns → use la. With nouns starting with a vowel, most nouns beginning with h and the French word y → use l’. With plural nouns → use les.
When an adjective ends in a vowel to make the adjective plural What do you have to do?
When a subject is singular(one person or thing) the adjective is singular and when the subject is plural(more than one thing or person), the adjective must be plural as well. If an adjective ends in a vowel, you add an –s to make it plural and if it ends in a consonant, you add an –es. SINGULAR PLURAL Alberto es alto.
Is Petit masculine or feminine?
If you look up an adjective in the dictionary, it will always be listed in the masculine singular form, eg petit (small). add -e to the end to get the feminine singular form, eg petite. add -es for the feminine plural form, eg petites.
How are adjectives formed in French?
An adjective is a word that describes a noun. In French, adjectives must agree with their noun, which means that they have to show whether they are masculine or feminine and singular or plural to match the noun.
Is a masculine or feminine in French?
Similarly, you have a masculine “a” (un) and a feminine “a” (une). Another bit of good news: As with les, the plural form of “a” in French, des, stays the same whether you’re using it with masculine or feminine nouns.