How did France try to protect the Ohio River Valley?
They were making a lot of money and wanted to continue trading with the American Indians there. Neither the farmers nor the traders wanted to see the French in control of the Ohio River Valley. In 1753, when the French started building forts and trading posts in the area, the British colonists became very upset.
What caused the conflict between the French and the English in the Ohio River Valley?
Causes of the French and Indian War
The French and Indian War began over the specific issue of whether the upper Ohio River valley was a part of the British Empire, and therefore open for trade and settlement by Virginians and Pennsylvanians, or part of the French Empire.
How did France respond to British expansion into the Ohio Valley?
In response to the threat of British encroachment in the Ohio River Valley, in June 1749, the governor of New France dispatched a small force of over 200 men to travel through the region to reaffirm French claims and reestablish His Most Christian Majesty’s authority over the Native Americans, who were keener on …
What did the French do to try and stop the English from expanding their territory?
The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended the French and Indian War/Seven Years’ War between Great Britain and France, as well as their respective allies. In the terms of the treaty, France gave up all its territories in mainland North America, effectively ending any foreign military threat to the British colonies there.
Why did the English want to control France?
The continental European monarchies went to war against France to protect their monarchies against the Revolutionary threat of republics. The British goals were more complex: not just to defend its national security but even more to uphold the European balance of power so that France would not dominate the continent.
Why did the French destroy English forts?
Wanting to limit British influence along their frontier, the French built a string of forts from Lake Erie towards the forks of the Ohio (present-day Pittsburgh). … Dinwiddie also promoted Washington to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel and ordered an expedition to compel the French to surrender their forts.
What were 3 causes of the French and Indian war?
The three causes for the rivalry between France and Britain are the disputes that developed over land in the colonies, control of the fur trade in the colonies and over the balance of power in Europe. These causes led to war.
How was the conflict between the British and the French over the settlement of land in the Ohio Valley resolved?
The Treaty of Paris Ends the War
The French and Indian War ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in February 1763. The British received Canada from France and Florida from Spain, but permitted France to keep its West Indian sugar islands and gave Louisiana to Spain.
Why did the French lose the French and Indian war?
The British had won the French and Indian War. They took control of the lands that had been claimed by France (see below). France lost its mainland possessions to North America. Britain now claimed all the land from the east coast of North America to the Mississippi River.
How did the English lose the Ohio Territory?
St. Clair refused and demanded that the American Indian leaders agree to a reservation boundary established by the Treaty of Fort McIntosh in 1785. Under the Treaty of Fort McIntosh, Ohio’s American Indians were to relinquish their lands in southern and eastern Ohio.
What advantages did the French in the Ohio Valley have?
What advantage would the French have for gaining control of the Ohio Valley? it lay between Canada and their settlements in the Mississippi River Valley. The British would not be able to expand west.
Why did French built forts in Ohio Valley?
A dispute over land
To control the Ohio Valley, the French built a string of forts from Lake Erie towards the Forks of the Ohio. … Wanting to limit British influence along their frontier, the French built a string of forts from Lake Erie towards the forks of the Ohio (present-day Pittsburgh).
What happened in the French and Indian War summary?
The French and Indian War began in 1754 and ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763. The war provided Great Britain enormous territorial gains in North America, but disputes over subsequent frontier policy and paying the war’s expenses led to colonial discontent, and ultimately to the American Revolution.
How did the British treat the colonists after the French and Indian War?
Following the French and Indian War, Britain wanted to control expansion into the western territories. The King issued the Proclamation of 1763 prohibiting settlements beyond the Appalachian Mountains. Colonists who had already settled on these lands were ordered to return east of the mountains.