As moderate republicans, the Thermidorians tried to calm down the Revolution and closed most Jacobin clubs across France. These events triggered the right-wing royalist and anti-revolutionary First White Terror, especially aimed against Montagnards and Jacobins in the Rhône valley and southern Brittany.
What groups opposed the French Revolution?
The Reign of Terror (September 5, 1793 – July 28, 1794), also known as The Terror, was a period of violence during the French Revolution incited by conflict between two rival political factions, the Girondins (moderate republicans) and the Jacobins (radical republicans), and marked by mass executions of “the enemies of …
What three political groups came out of the French Revolution?
Over the course of the Revolution, the original revolutionary movement known as the Jacobins split into more and less radical factions, the most important of which were the Feuillants (moderate; pro-royal), the Montagnards (radical) and the Girondins (moderate; pro-republic).
What 2 groups dominated the French Assembly?
Among its early acts were the formal abolition of the monarchy (September 21) and the establishment of the republic (September 22). The struggles between two opposing Revolutionary factions, the Montagnards and the Girondins, dominated the first phase of the Convention (September 1792 to May 1793).
What was the most radical group during the French Revolution?
The Mountain (French: La Montagne) was a political group during the French Revolution. Its members, called the Montagnards (French: [mɔ̃taɲaʁ]), sat on the highest benches in the National Convention. They were the most radical group and opposed the Girondins.
What political party supported the French Revolution?
The Democratic-Republicans supported the goals of the French Revolution, even if they didn’t support the means, and believed that siding with Great Britain instead of France meant a return to a system of monarchy.
What group started the French Revolution?
The upheaval was caused by widespread discontent with the French monarchy and the poor economic policies of King Louis XVI, who met his death by guillotine, as did his wife Marie Antoinette.
What were the three major groups that emerged out of the National Assembly?
The Estates General was made up of three groups the First Estate (the clergy or church leaders), the Second Estate (the nobles), and the Third Estate (the commoners).
How many groups was France divided into in 1789 which group was the most exploited?
Answer: In 1789, it numbered around 130,000 (about 0.5% of the population). The Third Estate comprised all of those who were not members of the above and can be divided into two groups, urban and rural, together making up 98% of France’s population. The urban included the bourgeoisie and wage-laborers.
What action made Louis such an unpopular ruler?
What action made Louis XVI such an unpopular ruler? He did not support government reform. Read the quotation from Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
What did European monarchs fear from France?
What Did European Monarchs Fear From France? European Monarchs Worried That Peasant Revolts Similar To The Ones In France Could Break Out In Their Own Countries. August 1792: Parisians Invade Tuileries And Imprison Royal Family.
Why are they called Jacobins?
The club got its name from meeting at the Dominican rue Saint-Honoré Monastery of the Jacobins. … The Dominicans in France were called Jacobins (Latin: Jacobus, corresponds to Jacques in French and James in English) because their first house in Paris was the Saint Jacques Monastery.
Which group of French society benefited the revolution?
The middle class, i.e. the wealthier members of the third estate, benefited the most from the French Revolution. The clergy and the nobility were forced to relinquish power.