In French, the present participle of a verb (the ‐ing form) may be used with the preposition en (while, on, upon, by, in, when) to form a gerund (a noun that, in English, ends in ‐ing).
How do you write ing in French?
The present participle is a verb form ending in -ing which is used in English to form verb tenses, and which may be used as an adjective and a noun, for example, What are you doing?; the setting sun; Swimming is easy!
1 Using the present participle.
|le soleil couchant||the setting sun|
|des chaises pliantes||folding chairs|
Do gerunds exist in French?
Gerunds in French are preceded by the preposition en and are formed by removing the ons ending from the nous conjugation of a verb and adding an ant ending. While gerunds are not as common in French as they are in English, they are a helpful tool when describing or explaining an event.
How do you say ing verbs in French?
The French present participle is the verb form that ends in -ant. It is far less common than its English counterpart, which ends in -ing.
Present Participle as a Verb or Gerund.
|Elle lisait en mangeant.||She read while eating.|
|En voyant les fleurs, elle a pleuré.||Upon seeing the flowers, she cried.|
What are the 7 tenses in French?
French Indicative Verb Tenses
- Présent (present) …
- Imparfait (imperfect) …
- Passé simple (simple past) …
- Passé composé (past perfect) …
- Futur simple (future simple) …
- Plus-que-parfait (pluperfect) …
- Passé antérieur (past anterior)
- Futur antérieur (future anterior)
What is Le participe present?
Quick Recap. The French participe présent is formed by dropping the ending –ons in the nous/present tense form and adding its ending –ant. The participe présent is not as common as its English counterpart, but it is rather flexible, and can be used as a noun, a verb, an adjective, a gerund…
How do you get Gerondif?
The gérondif (the gerund) is formed with en + the present participle. It is used is to stress that two actions are simultaneous. It has the same subject as the main verb.
What is past participle French?
The past participle is a verb form with several roles. It’s essential in the creation of compound verb tenses/moods and the passive voice, and it can also be used as an adjective. The French past participle usually ends in -é, -i, or -u, and is equivalent to –ed or –en in English. It has three primary uses.
What is the French imperative?
The imperative, (l’impératif in French) is used to give commands, orders, or express wishes, like ‘Stop!’ , ‘Listen!’ … There are three forms of the imperative: tu, nous and vous. For all verbs, the imperative is formed by taking the corresponding forms of the present indicative, but without subject pronouns.
What are the three irregular past participle verbs in French?
Past Participles of Irregular Verbs
- mettre (put) and mis (put); permettre (permit) and permis (permitted)
- ouvrir (open) and ouvert (opened); couvrir (cover) and couvert (covered)
How do you do le plus que parfait?
The plus‐que‐parfait is the compound form of the imperfect and is formed by using the imperfect of the appropriate helping verb ( avoir or être) + the past participle of the verb. Its English equivalent is “had” + past participle: J’avais mal à l’estomac parce que j’avais trop mangé.
What is future participle?
A future participle describes an action or a state which will take place after the action or state of the main verb. Just like all participles, it must agree with the noun it is describing. A future participle can be translated in a number of ways.
Was past tense French?
1. The preterite, or past historic – le préterite ou passé simple
|Verb||Preterite or simple past tense|
|être||je fus, tu fus, il fut, nous fûmes, vous fûtes, ils furent,|
|avoir||j’eus, tu eus, il eut, nous eûmes, vous eûtes, ils eurent,|
|pouvoir||je pus, tu pus, il put, nous pûmes, vous pûtes, ils purent,|
Is French hard to learn?
The FSI scale ranks French as a “category I language”, considered as “more similar to English”, as compared to categories III and IV “hard” or “super-hard languages”. According to the FSI, French is one of the easiest languages to learn for a native English speaker.
How can I learn French fast?
Here are a couple of suggestions and shortcuts that will help you master French conjugations faster:
- Be Logical And Methodical. Approach verbs in a logical way. …
- Learn Common Irregular Verbs From The Start. …
- Practise And Repeat. …
- Identify Groups Of ‘Irregular’ Verbs. …
- French Verb Conjugation Is Not A Never Ending Task.
What is imperfect French?
What is l’imparfait? L’imparfait (the imperfect) is a French past tense. It describes states and actions that were ongoing or repeated in the past. The imperfect can correspond to the English simple past tense, but also to structures such as used to and would and even the past progressive.