Gerunds in French are preceded by the preposition en and are formed by removing the ons ending from the nous conjugation of a verb and adding an ant ending. While gerunds are not as common in French as they are in English, they are a helpful tool when describing or explaining an event.
Does ing exist in French?
In French, the present participle of a verb (the ‐ing form) may be used with the preposition en (while, on, upon, by, in, when) to form a gerund (a noun that, in English, ends in ‐ing).
Do other languages have gerunds?
A gerund (/ˈdʒɛrənd, -ʌnd/ abbreviated GER) is any of various nonfinite verb forms in various languages; most often, but not exclusively, one that functions as a noun. In English, it has the properties of both verb and noun, such as being modifiable by an adverb and being able to take a direct object.
Are gerunds grammatically correct?
A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. For example, “Running is fun.” In this sentence, “running” is the gerund. It acts just like a noun. … Sentence one, with the gerund, is correct.
When should gerunds be used?
Gerunds can be used after certain verbs including enjoy, fancy, discuss, dislike, finish, mind, suggest, recommend, keep, and avoid. After prepositions of place and time. I made dinner before getting home. He looked unhappy after seeing his work schedule.
Was past tense French?
1. The preterite, or past historic – le préterite ou passé simple
|Verb||Preterite or simple past tense|
|être||je fus, tu fus, il fut, nous fûmes, vous fûtes, ils furent,|
|avoir||j’eus, tu eus, il eut, nous eûmes, vous eûtes, ils eurent,|
|pouvoir||je pus, tu pus, il put, nous pûmes, vous pûtes, ils purent,|
Is there a progressive tense in French?
French doesn’t have a Present Progressive tense. … To emphasize actions that are in the process of happening even as you speak, use the simple Present Tense form of ÊTRE + en train de + the Infinitive form of the verb (i.e., action) that is going on: Je suis en train d’étudier.
Is running a gerund?
For example ‘to run’. Verbs can be made into nouns by adding ‘ing’. These types of nouns are called gerunds. For example in the sentence “I like running” the word “running” is a gerund.
How many gerunds are there in English?
Just like nouns and noun phrases, gerunds and gerund phrases can be used in several different ways in sentences. In general, there are four different ways that we use gerunds: as subjects, subject complements, direct objects, and objects of prepositions.
Can all verbs be gerunds?
Not every verb can be used as a gerund or an infinitive. A gerund is a verb in its ing (present participle) form that functions as a noun that names an activity rather than a person or thing. Any action verb can be made into a gerund. An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence.
Is Dancing gerund?
Dancing is the present participle of the verb to dance. When used with is or are, it becomes a verb in the present continuous tense: … It still looks like a present participle (form), but in this sentence, it is filling in for a noun (function). When a present participle is used as a noun, it’s called a gerund.
Why do we use gerund in English?
You use the ing form after some verbs such as enjoy, admit, appreciate, can’t stand / help / bear, deny, avoid, mind, understand, consider, finish, imagine and resent. For example, “I can’t stand doing nothing”, or “She denied breaking the copier”. With other verbs, use the gerund after a preposition.
Is the word swimming a gerund?
Swimming is a verb; the present participle of swim. Here, it is the subject of a sentence and it can be called a noun. So, swimming is a gerund.
Is refuse followed by gerund or infinitive?
Verbs that are followed by other verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive. A gerund is a verb ending in “ing” that functions as a noun.
Verbs Followed by the Infinitive.
|refuse||to say you will not do||Jane refused to do what he asked.|
Why Some verbs are followed by gerunds?
The simplest answer is that infinitives express purpose whereas gerunds express activity. The verb you have chosen, “like”, happens to be in the category of verbs that can take either an infinitive or a gerund and the meaning doesn’t have much difference.