Estates-General, also called States General, French États-Généraux, in France of the pre-Revolution monarchy, the representative assembly of the three “estates,” or orders of the realm: the clergy (First Estate) and nobility (Second Estate)—which were privileged minorities—and the Third Estate, which represented the …
What were the groups in the French Revolution?
2: Politics within the Revolutionaries. Over the course of the Revolution, the original revolutionary movement known as the Jacobins split into more and less radical factions, the most important of which were the Feuillants (moderate; pro-royal), the Montagnards (radical) and the Girondins (moderate; pro-republic).
The best-known system is the three-estate system of the French Ancien Régime used until the French Revolution (1789–1799). This system was made up of clergy (the First Estate), nobility (the Second Estate), and commoners (the Third Estate).
How many groups are there in French Revolution?
They met a in May 1789. 14 The Parliament Everyone was there, the clergy, the nobility and the Third Estate, the workers and peasants. Everyone was there, the clergy, the nobility and the Third Estate, the workers and peasants. The biggest group was the third group.
What were the three groups that made up of the convention?
In the early days of the National Convention, the Girondins and the Montagnards vied for control over the members of the third faction, the Plain, or Marais (the French word for marsh or swamp). These delegates occupied the lower seats in the meeting hall and actually made up the majority of the National Convention.
What 2 groups dominated the French Assembly?
Among its early acts were the formal abolition of the monarchy (September 21) and the establishment of the republic (September 22). The struggles between two opposing Revolutionary factions, the Montagnards and the Girondins, dominated the first phase of the Convention (September 1792 to May 1793).
What group started the French Revolution?
The upheaval was caused by widespread discontent with the French monarchy and the poor economic policies of King Louis XVI, who met his death by guillotine, as did his wife Marie Antoinette.
What were the three classes of French society quizlet?
The three classes of the French society are the first estate, second estate, and the third estate. The First Estate consisted of the Roman Catholic clergy.
What 3 factors led to the French Revolution?
The three factors that led to the revolution were Enlightenment spread the idea that everyone was equal. The third estate liked that idea. French’s economy was failing; high taxes and low profit and decreasing food supply. The third reason was the dislike of Marie Antoinette and her spending which left France in debt.
How many groups was France divided into in 1789 which group was the most exploited?
Answer: In 1789, it numbered around 130,000 (about 0.5% of the population). The Third Estate comprised all of those who were not members of the above and can be divided into two groups, urban and rural, together making up 98% of France’s population. The urban included the bourgeoisie and wage-laborers.
What are the first three estates?
France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners). The king was considered part of no estate.
What were the three estates during the Middle Ages?
The three Medieval estates were the Clergy (those who prayed), the Nobility (those who fought) and lastly the Peasantry (those who labored). These estates were the major social classes of the time and were typically gender specific to men, although the clergy also included nuns.
What groups made up the National Convention?
Most historians divide the National Convention into two main factions: the Girondins and the Mountain or the Montagnards (in this context, also referred to as Jacobins). The Girondins represented the more moderate elements of the Convention and protested the vast influence held in the Convention by Parisians.
What was convention Class 9?
The elected assembly formed in France in 1792 was called Convention. Role in France : It abolished the monarchy and declared France a republic.
What was known as the Convention in France?
The National Convention was an assembly, meeting in France from September 21st, 1792 until October 26, 1795. This was the third assembly of the French Revolution. … The National convention became known as the most radical part of the French Revolution.