Best answer: Was Djibouti a colony of France?

French Somaliland (French: Côte française des Somalis, lit. “French Coast of the Somalis” Somali: Dhulka Soomaaliyeed ee Faransiiska) was a French colony in the Horn of Africa. It existed between 1884 and 1967. Djibouti is its legal successor state.

Was Djibouti a French colony?

Formerly known as French Somaliland (1896–1967) and the French Territory of the Afars and Issas (1967–77), the country took Djibouti as its name when it gained independence from France on June 27, 1977.

When did French colonize Djibouti?


France took possession of Djibouti (called French Somalia) in 1884. As the Territory of the Afars and the Issas, it remained part of the French republic until 1977, when it gained independence despite conflicting Ethiopian and Somali claims.

What was France’s last colony?

Djibouti is a very small country located on the horn of Africa. It is so small that it has an estimated population of less than a million, one of the least populous in Africa. France, which had colonized the country, had named it French Somaliland.

Why do Djibouti speak French?

French was inherited from the colonial period and is the primary language of instruction. About 17,000 Djiboutians speak it as a first language.

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Why was Somaliland a French colony?

On March 26, 1885 the French signed another treaty with the Issa making the latter a protectorate under the French. No money changed hands and the Somalis did not sign away any of their land rights; the agreement was meant to protect their land from outsiders with the help of the French.

What is Djibouti in French?


Republic of Djibouti République de Djibouti (French) Jumhūrīyah Jībūtī جمهورية جيبوتي (Arabic) Jamhuuriyadda Jabuuti (Somali) Gabuutih Ummuuno (Afar)
Legislature National Assembly
• French Somaliland 20 May 1883
• French Territory of the Afars and Issas 5 July 1967

When did France lose its last colony?

France began to establish colonies in North America, the Caribbean and India in the 17th century but lost most of its possessions following its defeat in the Seven Years’ War.

What are five former French colonies?

French Colonies

Modern former From
Grenada 1652
Guinea French Guinea 1891
Haiti Saint-Domingue 1627
India The Carnatic 1741

When did France leave its colonies?

Over the course of the 240 years that separated Giovanni da Verrazano’s voyage of exploration in 1524 and the dismantling of New France in 1763, the French left their mark on the North American territory in a variety of ways.

Is French Guiana France?

French Guiana, overseas territorial collectivity of France, situated on the northeastern coast of South America. French Guiana is bounded by Brazil to the south and east, Suriname to the west, and the Atlantic Ocean to the northeast. The capital is Cayenne.

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Was Morocco a French colony?

1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez, administered by a French Resident-General. Spain continues to operate its coastal protectorate. The sultan has a largely figurehead role.

How many French colonies were in Africa?

French West Africa (French: Afrique-Occidentale française, AOF) was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Ivory Coast, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin) and Niger.

Is Djibouti A Somali country?

The two official languages are French and Arabic. However, with the ethnic composition of the country consisting mostly of Somalis (60%) and Afars (35%), these groups’ languages are also widely spoken. There are also small populations of Arabs, French, Ethiopians and Italians.