Your question: Why does West Africa speak French?

The French language was brought to the African continent through colonialism. During the 1950s and 60s, France and Belgium lost control of their African colonies, however, French is still spoken in at least 29 African countries. … There is so much to learn about this magnificent continent!

Is French spoken in West Africa?

Many countries in Africa were colonized by France, and more than 50 million people in Africa can speak French. Coincidentally, many of these speakers are in West Africa. In nations like Benin, Togo, Mali, Senegal, Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire, French is either the official language or used very commonly in society.

Why did the French colonize West Africa?

The French colonial encounter in West Africa was driven by commercial interests and, perhaps to a lesser degree, a civilizing mission. The political administration and the economic interests were fairly uniform throughout the colonial period.

Why are there more French speakers in Africa?

Where the world’s 300 million French speakers live. Much of this is due to Africa’s age demographic, specifically the continent’s youth bulge. The daily use of French has increased by 17% on the African continent from the survey period 2010 to 2014, compared to an 11% growth in the rest of the world.

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Is African French different from France French?

All the African French varieties differ from standard French, both in terms of pronunciation and vocabulary, but the formal African French used in education, media and legal documents is based on standard French vocabulary.

Does Congo speak French?

The Democratic Republic of Congo is one of the most linguistically diverse countries in the world, with over 200 languages spoken in the country. While French is the official language and widely used in education and government, there are four national languages: Kikongo (Kituba), Lingala, Swahili, and Tshiluba.

What happened to French West Africa?

Upper Senegal and Niger was renamed the French Sudan in 1920. … By 1960 the formerly colonial territories had become independent republics, with French Sudan changing its name to Mali. Upper Volta was renamed Burkina Faso in 1984.

How did the French take over West Africa?

As a part of the Scramble for Africa, France planned to establish a continuous west-east axis of the continent. During this time the Voulet–Chanoine Mission, a military expedition, was sent from Senegal in 1898 to conquer the Chad Basin and unify all French territories in West Africa.

How did the French control West Africa?

As the French pursued their part in the scramble for Africa in the 1880s and 1890s, they conquered large inland areas, and at first, ruled them as either a part of the Senegal colony or as independent entities. These conquered areas were usually governed by French Army officers, and dubbed “military territories”.

Why do Africans speak French?

The French language was brought to the African continent through colonialism. During the 1950s and 60s, France and Belgium lost control of their African colonies, however, French is still spoken in at least 29 African countries. … There is so much to learn about this magnificent continent!

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What country speaks the most French?

What are the Main French Speaking Countries? People who are fluent in French are commonly referred to as “Francophones”. With a population of 67 million, France has the largest number of French speakers in the world. It is also the country of origin of the language, and the country most commonly associated with French.

Do Nigerians speak French?

SOMETIMES I wonder if Nigerians are aware that the English language is not the only official language of our country Nigeria. Officially, French has been the second official language in this country for the past 19 years. …

What country in Africa speaks French?

French

Regions Country Status
Africa Congo official
Ivory Coast official
Djibouti co-official with Arabic
Equatorial Guinea co-official with Spanish and Portuguese

What part of Africa do they speak French?

French is an official language, or shares official status with other languages in Equatorial Guinea, Togo, Central African Republic, Madagascar, Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Niger, Benin, Burundi, Guinea, Chad, Rwanda, Congo, Mali, the Seychelles, Djibouti, and Senegal.

Does Senegal speak French?

Some 39 languages are spoken in Senegal, including French (the official language) and Arabic.