What were the views of middle class of French society that emerged in the 18th century?
They were well educated and believed that (i) no group in society should be privileged by birth. (ii) a person’s social position must depend on his merit. (iii) a society must be based on freedom and equal laws and opportunities for all. (iv) this idea was maintained by Locke, Rousseau and Montesquieu.
What led to the emergence of middle class in the 18th century in France?
The eighteenth century France witnessed the emergence of the middle class. … They earned their wealth through an overseas trade and by manufacturing goods such as woollen and silk textiles that were further exported or bought by the rich class. They were mainly traders and manufacturers.
Who were the middle class what were their beliefs in French Revolution?
Answer: Middle Classes – The Thinkers. They wanted change in France, and they were the people with ideas for what France should look like. More separation between Church and State, fairer taxation, a constitutional monarchy.
What was the vision of growing middle class in France?
They believed that no group in society should be privileged by birth. Rather, a person’s social position must depend on his merit. These ideas envisaging a society based on freedom and equal laws and opportunities for all, paved way for the emergence of the middle class.
How was the middle class emerged?
The eighteenth century witnessed theemergence of social groups, termed as the middle class. They earned their wealth through an expanding overseas trade and manufacture of goods such as woolen silk textiles that were exported or bought by the richer members of society.
What were the ideas brought by the middle class in French society?
They brought the social and the economic changes in France by putting forth the idea of freedom, equal laws and opportunities should be given to everyone. Example – this idea was put forward by philosophers like John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau.
How did the new middle class emerged in Europe?
Emergence of middle class in Europe: … The industrial revolution witnessed the rise of new social groups, middle class comprising of industrialists, businessmen, professionals who believed in the social structure that was based on merit and not birth.
What do understand by middle class how did it emerge in Europe?
The people who depended upon expanding over seas trading,manufacturing for their livelihood were called middle class. their emergence was during 18th century ….. … It was this class that belonged to liberal nationalist thinking and led the revolutions.
What conditions led to the development of a new middle class in Europe?
What conditions led to the development of a new middle class in Europe? In Western Europe and parts of Central Europe, the growth of industrial production and trade meant the growth of towns and the emergence of commercial classes whose existence was based on production for the market.
What was the role of middle class?
“The functions of middle class include the introduction of new products and innovations, reproduction of expert labor, and perhaps, support to long-term peace and stability in society” (xiii).
What did it mean for the middle class in France explain?
For the new middle classes liberalism stood for freedom for the individual and equality of all before the law. Politically, it emphasised the concept of government by consent. It stood for the end of autocracy and clerical privileges. It favoured the constitution and representative government through parliament.
How was growth of middle class responsible for the French Revolution class 9?
Peasants, bourgeoisie and other commoners were included in the third estate. When Louis XVI took the charge he increased the taxes and in which people from the third estate were liable to pay these taxes. They took action against the increasing taxes and took control.
How did the middle class benefit from the French Revolution?
The middle classes owned the money but they also acquired the moral power. They wrote for the great public, scoffing at every facet of the old order of things, especially the religious idea in the name of reason and enlightenment. Liberty and equality became the slogans raised by the bourgeoisie to win the masses.