Your question: How do you form the passe subjunctive in French?

Formation. The past subjunctive is a compound tense formed with the present subjunctive conjugation of the auxiliary (avoir or être, see Auxiliaries) and the past participle: Je suis content qu’elle ait pu venir. (I’m glad she was able to come.)

How do you form the subjunctive tense?

The present (or present simple) is the most basic tense in the subjunctive mood. For most verbs, the present subjunctive is formed by dropping the -o ending from the first person singular yo of the present indicative and adding the present subjunctive endings.

How is the past participle formed in French?

For regular -re verbs, the past participle is formed by adding a -u to the verb stem, which is to say the verb without its -re ending. For the verb rendre (to return), the stem is rend- and the past participle is rendu (returned).

How do you make French passe compose?

To form the passé composé of verbs using avoir, conjugate avoir in the present tense (j’ai, tu as, il a, nous avons, vous avez, ils ont) and add the past participle of the verb expressing the action. Put the words together this way: subject + helping verb (usually avoir) + past participle.

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What is a subjunctive form examples?

Examples of Subjunctive Form:

If I were in the program, I would sing the song. I suggest that Lisa write the article. I propose that Suzan be asked to perform in the program. If I were in your place, I would not do it.

Where can I use subjonctif?

Quick Recap

  1. The subjunctive is used to express varied states of unreality or uncertainty like some kind of judgment, wish, possibility, opinion, doubt, emotion, or something that has not occurred yet.
  2. The subjunctive appears after certain words and conjunctions that have two parts and two different subjects.

What is the subjunctive tense in French?

The French subjunctive is a special verb form, called a mood, that is used in dependent clauses to indicate some sort of subjectivity, uncertainty, or unreality in the mind of the speaker. In French, feelings like doubt and desire require the subjunctive, as do expressions of necessity, possibility, and judgment.

How do you conjugate IR verbs in French?

Verbs with infinitives ending in -ir form a second group of regular verbs in French, often called ‘second conjugation’ verbs. To conjugate these verbs, drop the -ir from the infinitive and add the second conjugation present tense endings: -is, -is, -it, -issons, -issez, -issent.

What are the subjunctive conjugations for the verb Abrir?


ABRIR Present Subjunctive
…que tú abres abras
…que él/ella/Ud. abre abra
…que nosotros abrimos abramos
…que vosotros abrís abráis

How do you form a past participle?

Past participles

For regular verbs, a past participle is typically formed by adding -ed to the end of the root form of the verb, the form you’ll find if you look up a verb in our dictionary. For example, the past participle of kick is kicked.

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How do you form an irregular past participle in French?

Many common verbs don’t follow the rule for how to form a past participle, so you need to learn them.

Common irregular past participles used with avoir for the perfect tense.

Verb Past participle English
écrire écrit written
être été been
faire fait done/made
lire lu read

Do past participles in French agree?

Most French verbs are conjugated with avoir as their auxiliary verb in compound tenses and moods, and therefore do not require agreement with their subjects. But avoir verbs do need agreement in a very specific construction: the past participle must agree with the direct object when it precedes the verb.

Do you conjugate the second verbs in passe compose?

Verbs in the passé composé are formed by putting together a helping verb (être or avoir) conjugated in the present tense + a past participle. Once you know what helping verb to use, all you need to do is add the past participle of the verb you want to conjugate.

What French verbs use être in the passe compose?

The following is a list of verbs that use être (for intransitive usage) as their auxiliary verbs in passé composé:

  • Devenir – to become – (être) devenu(e)(s)
  • Revenir – to come back – (être) revenu(e)(s)
  • Monter – to go up – (être) monté(e)(s)
  • Rester – to stay – (être) resté(e)(s)
  • Sortir – to exit – (être) sorti(e)(s)

What tense is passe compose?

The passé composé is one of the most widely used French past tenses. This tense is a compound tense. It means that you need two verbs to conjugate it. You will first need an auxiliary verb, either AVOIR or ÊTRE, that you conjugate in present tense.

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