Besides expanding the fur trade, the French wanted to find a river passage across North America (for a trade route to Asia), explore and secure territory, and establish Christian missions to convert Native peoples.
Why did the French need to settle along major rivers and lakes?
The rivers were their main way of traveling. The French wanted to control the American Indian trade in the Ohio River Valley and keep the Pennsylvania traders out. They also needed the American Indians living there to be their allies.
Why did the French explore the Great Lakes?
For the early French explorers, the more continent they discovered the more their hopes were frustrated. They had hoped that the vast St. Lawrence-Great Lakes waterway was part of a Northwest Passage to the wealth of the Orient. They were eager to hear word of salt water and strange people to the west.
Where did the French explorers settle?
New France, French Nouvelle-France, (1534–1763), the French colonies of continental North America, initially embracing the shores of the St. Lawrence River, Newfoundland, and Acadia (Nova Scotia) but gradually expanding to include much of the Great Lakes region and parts of the trans-Appalachian West.
What were French explorers establishing along the St. Lawrence River and around the Great Lakes?
In 1534, Francis sent Jacques Cartier on the first of three voyages to explore the coast of Newfoundland and the St. Lawrence River. Cartier founded New France by planting a cross on the shore of the Gaspé Peninsula.
Why was control of waterways important during the French and Indian war?
The St. Lawrence and Mohawk rivers provided access to the heart of the continent from the Atlantic Ocean. … European kings sought to control the waterways penetrating the North American continent by controlling the waterways Indians had been using for trade and war for millennia.
Why was the Ohio River important to the French?
France was determined to stop the British from expanding westward. The Ohio River was especially important to the French because it provided a vital link between their claims along the Great Lakes and their settlements along the Mississippi River.
Why did the French explore and colonize North America?
Motivations for colonization: The French colonized North America to create trading posts for the fur trade. Some French missionaries eventually made their way to North America in order to convert Native Americans to Catholicism. … The French in particular created alliances with the Hurons and Algonquians.
Why did the French explore the New World?
The French began their exploration of the New World by looking for new fishing waters and the Northwest Passage. At first, they only founded temporary trading posts, but as profits increased and more French people found their way to the New World, permanent settlements were established, such as New Orleans.
Why were the French explorers looking for a Northwest Passage?
Why did European explorers want to find the Northwest Passage? Asia could then be reached quicker and more safely. The first country to find it would control it and gain great riches.
Why did the French want to settle in Canada?
French rulers wanted to gain power and wealth by claiming lands and resources around the world. Many of the French that came to Canada did because they wanted to make a better life for themselves.
Why did the French colonize Canada?
The French crown’s plan was to let trading companies run New France and draw settlers there in exchange for the right to take advantage of the colonies’ natural bounties, the most lucrative of which were the large population of native animals. Champlain envisioned building a profitable fur trade in Canada.
Why did France want to expand their empire?
France wanted to expand their empire for more land, resources and money.
What did France colonize?
The French colonial empire in the Americas comprised New France (including Canada and Louisiana), French West Indies (including Saint-Domingue, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Dominica, St. Lucia, Grenada, Tobago and other islands) and French Guiana. French North America was known as ‘Nouvelle France’ or New France.
Why was St Lawrence important to France?
The St. Lawrence River served as the main route for European exploration of the North American interior, first pioneered by French explorer Samuel de Champlain. Control of the river was crucial to British strategy to capture New France in the Seven Years’ War.
Why did the French laid claim to land beyond the St Lawrence River?
In 1534, Cartier was commissioned by King Francis I of France to explore the northern American lands in search of riches and the rumored Northwest Passage to Asia.