Why did the French fail at Dien Bien Phu?

In northwest Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh’s Viet Minh forces decisively defeat the French at Dien Bien Phu, a French stronghold besieged by the Vietnamese communists for 57 days. … The fort was also out in the open, and the French believed that their superior artillery would keep the position safe.

Why did French lose in Dien Bien Phu?

The fort was surrounded by Vietnamese forces protected by the cover of the jungles. Artillery fire from the fort was not effective against the artillery fire on the higher ground. The Vietnamese were able to reinforce and replace their loses. The French were cut off from supplies and reinforcements.

What big mistake did the French make at the battle of Dien Bien Phu?

Underestimating the Potential of Guerrilla Warfare

A Viet Cong base camp being burned. At Dien Bien Phu, the French made the same mistake that western armed forces would repeatedly make throughout the latter half of the 20th century – they underestimated the potential of guerrilla fighters.

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Why were the French unsuccessful in Vietnam?

The French lost their Indochinese colonies due to political, military, diplomatic, economic and socio-cultural factors. The fall of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 signalled a loss of French power. General Vo Nguyen Giap and his Viet Minh had triumphed on the eve of the Geneva Conference.

What was the result of the French defeat at Dien Bien Phu in 1954?

The French defeat at Dien Bien Phu in 1954 signalled the end of French influence in Indochina. … The government of Laos was very much under the influence of the French though the Viet Minh had successfully infiltrated much of Laos, thus undermining the authority of both the Laotian government and, therefore, the French.

Did the French Foreign Legion fight at Dien Bien Phu?

This major confrontation occurred at Dien Bien Phu, a large heart-shaped valley located in northwestern part of Vietnam, near the border with Laos. … The leadership of the garrison absolutely failed, as well as the French leadership in Vietnam and France. The units stationed in the valley had to fight on its own.

Why were the French fighting in Vietnam?

France. France had been a long-time occupier of Vietnam before 1954. It wanted no part of the new conflict. After World War II, France reoccupied Vietnam as part of its attempt to reclaim its prewar empire.

What happened to the French at Dien Bien Phu quizlet?

In 1954, Vietminh rebels besieged a French garrison at Dien Bien Phu, deep in the interior of northern Vietnam. In May, after the United States refused to intervene, Dien Bien Phu fell to the communists.

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How did the US respond to the French defeat at Bien Dien Phu?

Explanation: The Americans were reluctant to put boots on the ground to help the French before Dien Bien Phu. The U.S. had been obstructive of the French efforts to recolonize Vietnam immediately post World War. … Instead they took up the fight by protecting the newly created South Vietnam.

What happened at Bien Bien Phu and later at the Geneva Conference of 1954?

The deciding factor was the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954, where the French were decisively defeated. This resulted in French withdrawals, and the Geneva conference. It was decided that Vietnam would be divided at the 17th parallel until 1956, when democratic elections would be held under international supervision.