Why did France send explorers to what is today Canada?

The French first came to the New World as explorers, seeking a route to the Pacific Ocean and wealth. Major French exploration of North America began under the rule of Francis I of France. … In 1534, Francis sent Jacques Cartier on the first of three voyages to explore the coast of Newfoundland and the St.

Why were the French explorers interested in Canada?

Besides expanding the fur trade, the French wanted to find a river passage across North America (for a trade route to Asia), explore and secure territory, and establish Christian missions to convert Native peoples.

What explorers did France send?

Samuel de Champlain, the greatest of the French explorers, founded Port Royal (1605) and Québec (1608). Jean Nicolet (Nicollet), a companion of Champlain, explored Lake Michigan and surrounding areas in the 1630s. Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette conducted explorations of the Mississippi Basin in 1673.

When did France send explorers to North America?

In 1534, navigator Jacques Cartier claimed northern North America for France, naming the area around the St. Lawrence River New France.

Why did King Louis send French explorers to the Great Lakes region?

They had hoped that the vast St. Lawrence-Great Lakes waterway was part of a Northwest Passage to the wealth of the Orient. … The French presence was asserted by a network of forts, trading posts and missions dotting the lake and river routes traversing the continental interior.

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How did France impact Canada?

Samuel de Champlain explored Canada’s East Coast, Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River, including its tributaries, between 1603 and his death in 1635. He established the first permanent colonies in Canada and opened up France’s fur trade with local Indigenous trappers.

Why were the French explorers looking for a Northwest Passage?

Why did European explorers want to find the Northwest Passage? Asia could then be reached quicker and more safely. The first country to find it would control it and gain great riches.

Why did France explore the New World?

The French began their exploration of the New World by looking for new fishing waters and the Northwest Passage. At first, they only founded temporary trading posts, but as profits increased and more French people found their way to the New World, permanent settlements were established, such as New Orleans.

Why did the French explore and colonize?

Motivations for colonization: The French colonized North America to create trading posts for the fur trade. Some French missionaries eventually made their way to North America in order to convert Native Americans to Catholicism.

Why did France and England send explorers to the New World?

The search for a northwest passage to Asia and the burgeoning fur trade in Europe drove the French to explore and settle North America.