Which areas were under the French rule?

Gradually, French control crystallised over much of North, West, and Central Africa by around the start of the 20th century (including the modern states of Mauritania, Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Ivory Coast, Benin, Niger, Chad, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Cameroon, the east African coastal …

What areas did the French claim?

New France, French Nouvelle-France, (1534–1763), the French colonies of continental North America, initially embracing the shores of the St. Lawrence River, Newfoundland, and Acadia (Nova Scotia) but gradually expanding to include much of the Great Lakes region and parts of the trans-Appalachian West.

How many countries does France rule?

French Overseas Collectivities

France currently has five overseas collectivities—each one has representation in the French Parliament and can vote for president, but its status is not quite that of a region.

How did France rule their colonies?

Colonies were ruled, on the one hand, through decrees issued by two different ministries (the Ministry of the Interior and the Colonial Office) in Paris and, on the other hand, by executive orders that made the representative of the French government the main source of the law.

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Is French Guiana France?

French Guiana, overseas territorial collectivity of France, situated on the northeastern coast of South America. French Guiana is bounded by Brazil to the south and east, Suriname to the west, and the Atlantic Ocean to the northeast. The capital is Cayenne.

Where in Europe is France located?

The name France comes from Latin Francia (“land of the Franks”). Originally it applied to the whole Empire of the Franks, extending from southern France to eastern Germany.

Which continents did France establish colonies in?

France established colonies in North America, the Caribbean, and India in the 17th century, and while it lost most of its American holdings to Spain and Great Britain before the end of the 18th century, it eventually expanded its Asian and African territories in the 19th century.

Where did France colonize in the New World quizlet?

Where did France colonize in the New World? France colonized in modern day Canada, establishing the cities Quebec and Montreal. They later moved to colonize a few colonies in the Ohio Valley.

What regions did the English colonize?

The first permanent English colony was established in Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. Approximately 30,000 Algonquian peoples lived in the region at the time. Over the next several centuries more colonies were established in North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.

Where is Mayotte?

Mayotte, overseas département (department) of France comprising the two southeasternmost islands of the Comoros archipelago. It is situated in the Mozambique Channel of the western Indian Ocean, about 190 miles (310 km) northwest of Madagascar.

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Which place is still part of France and is under French jurisdiction?

Inhabited departments and collectivities

Name Capital Land area (km2)
French Guiana Cayenne 83,534
French Polynesia Papeete 3,521
Guadeloupe Basse-Terre 1,628
Martinique Fort-de-France 1,128

Was Guyana a French colony?

Guiana officially rallied to Free France on 16 March 1943. It abandoned its colony status and once again became a French department on 19 March 1946.