When did France colonize the Middle East?

France’s second colonial empire was founded in Algeria in 1830, after the loss of most of the first overseas empire in the Americas in the eighteenth century and the final defeat of Napoléon in Europe in 1815.

Did the French colonize the Arab world?

The French made their last major colonial gains after World War I, when they gained mandates over the former territories of the Ottoman Empire that make up what is now Syria and Lebanon, as well as most of the former German colonies of Togo and Cameroon.

Why did Britain and France colonize the Middle East?

In the period from 1798 to 1882, Britain pursued three major objectives in the Middle East: protecting access to trade routes in the eastern Mediterranean, maintaining stability in Iran and the Persian Gulf, and guaranteeing the integrity of the Ottoman Empire.

When did the French start colonizing?

The French colonization of the Americas (French: Colonisation française des Amériques) began in the 16th century and continued on into the following centuries as France established a colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere.

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When did the French Colonise Lebanon?

In 1920, soon after the end of World War I, the League of Nations mandated that Lebanon would be administered by France after the Partition of the Ottoman Empire. Lebanon officially became part of the French colonial empire, as part of the French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon, and was administered from Damascus.

What countries did France Colonise?

Other African countries colonized by France include Gambia, Chad, Mali, Togo, Sudan, Gabon, Tunisia, Niger, Republic of Congo, Cameroon, and several others. In North America, France colonized the New France region, Newfoundland, and resent day Haiti.

What Middle Eastern countries did France colonize?

World War I success gave France control of two other Arab polities: Lebanon and Syria. As of 1920, then, the Brits and French held political control together with economic and cultural influence in 16 of the 17 colonized Middle Eastern entities. The other one, Libya, fell to Italian control in 1932.

When did Britain and France leave the Middle East?

In the Sykes-Picot agreement, concluded on May 19, 1916, France and Britain divided up the Arab territories of the former Ottoman Empire into spheres of influence.

When did Britain leave the Middle East?

With the expiration of its mandate, Britain withdrew from the region on May 14, 1948, and the State of Israel was proclaimed as the first Jewish state for nearly 2,000 years. The next day, five Arab armies from Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria and Iraq invaded Israel.

When did France colonize Syria?

Hatay State was annexed by Turkey in 1939. The French mandate lasted until 1943, when two independent countries emerged, Syria and Lebanon.

Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon.

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Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon (1923−1946)
Created 1920–1922
Ratified 1923
Location UNOG Library; ref.: C.528. M.313. 1922. VI.
Signatories League of Nations

Why did France start colonizing?

Motivations for colonization: The French colonized North America to create trading posts for the fur trade. Some French missionaries eventually made their way to North America in order to convert Native Americans to Catholicism. … The French in particular created alliances with the Hurons and Algonquians.

Where did France Imperialize?

France’s pre-World War II empire extended from Kanaky and Fiji in the South Pacific through Indochina to what are now Lebanon and Syria to Madagascar and Reunion islands in the Indian Ocean to what are now Lebanon and Syria. It included vast swaths of West and North Africa.

How many colonies did France have in 1914?

France had two colonial empires.