What was the situation in France before the French Revolution?

France was a monarchy ruled by the king. The king had total power over the government and the people. The people of France were divided into three social classes called “estates.” The First Estate was the clergy, the Second Estate was the nobles, and the Third Estate was the commoners.

What happened in France before the French Revolution?

Before the French Revolution, French society was structured on the relics of feudalism, in a system known as the Estates System. … In contrast, the clergy and the nobility controlled the majority of the land in France and held all of the important positions in the government, military and church.

What problems did France have before the revolution?

Rising prices in Paris brought bread riots. By 1789 France was broke. The nobility refused to pay more taxes, and the peasants simply couldn’t. Even the opulent King Louis XVI, fonder of hunting and locksmithing than governing, recognized that a crisis loomed.

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What crisis was France in before the French Revolution?

Financial Crisis of the 1780s

In the late 1700s, France was facing a severe financial crisis due to the immense debt accrued through the French involvement in the Seven Years War (1756–1763) and the American Revolution (1775-1783).

What was happening in France at the beginning stages of the French Revolution?

The Bastille and the Great Fear

A popular insurgency culminated on July 14 when rioters stormed the Bastille fortress in an attempt to secure gunpowder and weapons; many consider this event, now commemorated in France as a national holiday, as the start of the French Revolution.

What was France before France?

France was originally called Gaul by the Romans who gave the name to the entire area where the Celtics lived. This was at the time of Julius Caesar’s conquest of the area in 51-58 BC.

What were the conditions in France that led to the revolution?

Although scholarly debate continues about the exact causes of the Revolution, the following reasons are commonly adduced: (1) the bourgeoisie resented its exclusion from political power and positions of honour; (2) the peasants were acutely aware of their situation and were less and less willing to support the …

What problems was France facing in the late 1700s?

what problems was France facing in the late 1700s? the monarchy was in need of money, so taxes were raised. The commoners who could not afford to pay the newly heavied taxes became infuriated, rioting and eventually storming the palace. You just studied 71 terms!

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How was French society unequal before the French Revolution?

Before 1789 inequality was typical of the old government. The nobles and clergy were the privileged orders. They were exempt from such direct taxes as the taille, or land tax. Most taxes were paid by the Third Estate—a class that included peasants, artisans, merchants, and professional men.

Why was France in debt before the revolution?

Causes of debt

The French Crown’s debt was caused by both individual decisions, such as intervention in the American War of Independence and the Seven Years’ War, and underlying issues such as an inadequate taxation system.

What happened to France after the French Revolution?

The French Revolution completely changed the social and political structure of France. It put an end to the French monarchy, feudalism, and took political power from the Catholic church. … Although the revolution ended with the rise of Napoleon, the ideas and reforms did not die.

What was the impact of the French Revolution on France?

The Revolution led to the establishment of a democratic government for the first time in Europe. Feudalism as an institution was buried by the Revolution, and the Church and the clergy were brought under State control. It led to the eventual rise of Napoleon Bonaparte as the Emperor of France.

When did France start civil code?

Napoleonic Code, French Code Napoléon, French civil code enacted on March 21, 1804, and still extant, with revisions. It was the main influence on the 19th-century civil codes of most countries of continental Europe and Latin America.

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