Among them were Voltaire , Rousseau , Montesquieu and Dederot . Their revolutionary ideas helped the people to fight for their rights . (2) They exposed the inefficiency of the monarch and and his government. (3)Voltaire’s ideas encouraged people to fight against the privileges and finance of the Church without guilt.
What were the role of philosophers in the French Revolution?
The philosophers played an important role during the French Revolution. With their revolutionary ideas, they inspired the common mass of France and prepared them to fight against injustices. … The philosophers did not believe in the doctrine of the divine and absolute right of the monarch.
Who were the 3 philosophers of French Revolution?
Three famous Philosophers in France during French revolution are Voltaire, Jean Jacques Rousseau and Montesquieu.
What was the role of philosophers?
It conceives of philosophy as an inherently ethical enterprise and reiterates that the philosopher’s role is to draw attention to the shortcomings of our present human conditions, thus generating moments of critique.
How did philosophers influence the thinking of the people of France?
Answer: Philosophers influenced the thinking of the people of France as : (i) They believed that mans’ destiny was in his own hands. (ii) Criticized the divine and absolute rights of rulers. (iii) Idea of formation of government based on social contract between people and their representatives.
What was the role of philosophers in Russian Revolution Class 9?
The philosophers, writers and the great men played an important role in the Russian Revolution. The writings of Leo Tolstoy, Maxim Gorky, George Plekhanov, Dastovosky etc. created new consciousness in the Society. Among them the writings of Karl Marx occupied an important place.
What was the role of middle class and philosophers in French Revolution?
The middle class played a significant role in guiding the French Revolution as they possessed the belief in national unity. Explanation: … Thus, they were the ones who initiated mass campaigns and spread awareness among the lower-classes about their rights which ended up being the directions for this revolution.
What is the role of philosophers in the French society?
➡The philosophers played an important role in the French revolution. They inspired the common mass of France with their revolutionary ideas and prepared them to fight against injustices. … ➡The ideas of these philosophers wet discussed in saloons and coffee houses and spread among people through books and newspapers.
What were the ideas expressed by French philosophers in their books?
Ideas of having a society based on freedom and equal laws and opportunities for all were put forward by the French philosophers.
What was the impact of French revolution on France?
The Revolution led to the establishment of a democratic government for the first time in Europe. Feudalism as an institution was buried by the Revolution, and the Church and the clergy were brought under State control. It led to the eventual rise of Napoleon Bonaparte as the Emperor of France.