The semaine sanglante (“bloody week”), from Sunday 21 May until Sunday, 28 May 1871, was a short and bloody military campaign by the French Army, led by Marshal Patrice de MacMahon, that recaptured Paris from the Paris Commune. Many Commune prisoners, captured with weapons in hand, were summarily shot by the army.
What was the bloody week of 1871?
One of the first cataclysms to be chronicled by The Times, in its 20th year, was the brutal suppression of the Paris Commune by French and Prussian troops during the “Bloody Week” in May 1871. The most conservative estimates have placed the number of dead at 6,000 to 7,000.
How many people died during bloody week?
The Commune was suppressed at the end of May by the national French Army during La semaine sanglante (“The Bloody Week”) beginning on 21 May 1871. The Archbishop of Paris, Georges Darboy, and about one hundred hostages were shot by the Commune in the final days.
What caused the Paris Commune?
In the wake of France’s defeat by Prussia in the Franco-Prussian War, workers and students of Paris joined together to form a revolutionary government called the Paris Commune. … The revolt was prompted in part by the peace negotiated by the French government, which allowed the Prussians to occupy the city.
Was the Paris Commune an anarchist?
The Paris Commune was a government that briefly ruled Paris from March 18 (more formally, from March 28) to May 28, 1871. … Anarchists participated actively in the establishment of the Paris Commune. They included Louise Michel, the Reclus brothers, and Eugène Varlin (the latter murdered in the repression afterwards).
What is Commune France?
A commune is the smallest and oldest administrative division in France. … The French word commune appeared in the 12th century, from Medieval Latin communia, for a large gathering of people sharing a common life; from Latin communis, ‘things held in common’.
Who ruled France in 1871?
French Third Republic
|French Republic République française|
|• 1871–1873 (first)||Adolphe Thiers|
|• 1932–1940 (last)||Albert Lebrun|
|President of the Council of Ministers|
Who founded the French Communist Party?
September 5: The Reign of Terror begins when Robespierre declares Terror “the order of the day.” This marks the beginning of almost two years of repressing perceived enemies of the Revolution. It will claim an estimated 18,500-40,000 lives before its end in July 1794.
What did the Bastille represent?
The Bastille, stormed by an armed mob of Parisians in the opening days of the French Revolution, was a symbol of the despotism of the ruling Bourbon monarchy and held an important place in the ideology of the Revolution.