The Estates General was a political body to which the three estates of the French society, i.e., the clergy, the nobility and the third Estate consiting of peasants, landless labourers, businessmen and merchants, sent their representatives.
What was the estate General in France?
Estates-General, also called States General, French États-Généraux, in France of the pre-Revolution monarchy, the representative assembly of the three “estates,” or orders of the realm: the clergy (First Estate) and nobility (Second Estate)—which were privileged minorities—and the Third Estate, which represented the …
What was Estates General Class 10?
Answer: The Estates-General was an assembly comprising the clergy of the French nobles and the middle class. It was in 1614 that the Estates-General was last called. Before the French Revolution, which took place in 1789, the general assembly was recognized as the Estates-General.
What were the Estates General in France in 1789?
This assembly was composed of three estates – the clergy, nobility and commoners – who had the power to decide on the levying of new taxes and to undertake reforms in the country. The opening of the Estates General, on 5 May 1789 in Versailles, also marked the start of the French Revolution.
What was the new name for the Estates General in France Class 10?
The Estates-General had ceased to exist, having become the National Assembly (after 9 July 1789, renamed the National Constituent Assembly).
What was the Estates General quizlet?
The Estates General was a representative assembly of the Ancien Régime, comprised of deputies from all Three Estates, summoned occasionally by the king, often in times of war or crisis, the Estates General had no sovereign or legislative power, its role was to advise or support the king.
What did the Third Estate want?
Whereas the King sought tax reform, the First and Second Estates sought to protect their power and privilege. The Third Estate wanted greater representation and greater political power to address issues of inequality.
What is an estate General Class 9?
Answer: ‘The Estates General’ was a political body to which the three estates sent their representatives. In France of the Old Regime, the monarch did not have the power to impose taxes, rather he had to call a meeting of the Estates General to pass the proposals for new taxes.
What was the second estate in France?
The Second Estate consisted of the nobility of France, including members of the royal family, except for the King. Members of the Second Estate did not have to pay any taxes. They were also awarded special priviliges, such as the wearing a sword and hunting.
Who elected the estate General?
In their primitive form in the 14th and the first half of the 15th centuries, the Estates General had only a limited elective element. The lay lords and the ecclesiastical lords (bishops and other high clergy) who made up the Estates General were not elected by their peers, but directly chosen and summoned by the king.
Why was the Estates General called in 1788?
In 1789, the King Louis XVI called a meeting of the Estates General. It was the first meeting of the Estates General called since 1614. He called the meeting because the French government was having financial problems.
What were the three estates in France quizlet?
Terms in this set (13)
First Estate was the Priests and Bishops. The Second Estate was the Nobles, and the Third Estate was the peasants or poor people. The Nobles and Priests getting richer and not paying taxes and the poor getting poorer. Plus the 3rd estate did not have a fair say in the government.
Who constituted the Estates General Class 9?
The representatives of the 3 Estates ‘constituted the Estates General. It was a political body.
What was the estate General called?
Estate general is also known as National Assembly.
What was the name of estate General?
There were no specifically new names given to the Estates-General, per se. If you’re referring to the Third Estate’s breakaway faction, they were referred to as the National Convention, and after they were given power by King Louis XVI, they became known as the Legislative Assembly.
Why did Louis XVI call the Estates-General?
Summoning the Estates General
In desperation at the financial crisis, King Louis XVI summoned a so-called Estates General in 1789 to approve new taxation. This was a representative body that had not met since 1614, but once it had been called, it developed a momentum of its own.