What kinds of trees grow in France?

What type of trees does France have?

Most of France lies within the Holarctic province, and the natural vegetation includes oak, pine, beech and chestnut. South of the Charente River, the Aquitaine Basin also has a mixture of oak, cypress, willow and poplar, while the high mountain zones are characterized by planted spruce, fir, mountain pine and larch.

What is the most popular tree in France?

This amazing oak in Allouville-Bellefosse, Seine-Maritime, is the most famous tree in France. At least 1,000 years old, 15 metres high, and 16 metres in circumference, it hosts two chapels inside its giant trunk: Notre Dame de la Paix, and the Chambre de L’Ermite.

What are the tall trees in France?


Nr Tree species Girth
1 Sequoiadendron giganteum (Giant sequoia) 13.89 m
2 Tilia platyphyllos (Large-leaved lime) 13.19 m
3 Castanea sativa (Sweet chestnut) 13.15 m
4 Quercus robur (Pedunculate oak) 12.60 m

What are the trees in the South of France?

Olive trees, cypresses, pines, platanes, fig trees, almond trees, and more have played essential roles in southern French life for centuries and are deeply ‘rooted’ in the local culture.

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What plants grow in France?

Plants in France

Plant life is dependent on climate, so France’s flora ranges from small grasses and wildflowers in the mountainous alpine regions, to the fir, spruce and mountain pine trees in the coniferous forests, and the oak, beech and chestnut trees of the lower-elevation deciduous forests.

What kind of trees grow in Paris?


Nr Tree species Location
1 Robinia pseudoacacia (Black locust) Square Viviani, Paris
2 Acer sempervirens (Cretan maple) Jardin des Plantes, Paris
3 Quercus macrocarpa (Bur oak) Jardin des Plantes, Paris
4 Aesculus hippocastanum (Horse-chestnut) Parc, avenue Gustave Eiffel, Paris

How old is the oldest tree in France?

The spindly oak can be found in Allouville-Bellfosse, France, and experts estimate that it is between 800 and 1200 years old (that’s potentially a thousand years older than America itself, to put its age in context).

Do limes grow in France?

Two varieties of lime trees are found in French formal gardens: tilia cordata, a variety with heart-shaped leaves, and tilia platyphyllos. … Despite their high level of resistance, our limes do come under attack from certain pests.

What are the trees in Provence?

To the North of Provence, you’ll find white oak, evergreen oak, beech, almond and various varieties of pine, while Provence’s little villages are adorned with majestic plane and hackberry trees, offering the local squares welcome shade on hot summer days.

What trees line French roads?

Napoleon ordered the lining of roads with Plane trees (and other tall trees like Ash, Elms and Chestnuts) to provide ample shade for his marching troops.

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Do oak trees grow in France?

The Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) reported in 2014 that 32% of France’s 16,400,000 hectares of forest are oak. The trees look wild and natural, but they are planted deliberately.

What are plane trees in France?

Provence plane trees are a hybrid of the Asian and American sycamore trees. They were created, quite by accident out of Oxford, England in the 16th century. In the 19th century, plane trees were imported to Southern France, and planted extensively.

What are the tall thin trees in France?

Slender, conical cypress trees are everywhere in Provence: they line roads, outline fields, decorate cemeteries, and adorn houses.

What are cypress trees?

Cypress is a common name for various coniferous trees or shrubs of northern temperate regions that belong to the family Cupressaceae. The word cypress is derived from Old French cipres, which was imported from Latin cypressus, the latinisation of the Greek κυπάρισσος (kyparissos).

What are hornbeam trees?

Hornbeam trees make wonderful stately ornamental trees in rural and urban settings, with the deciduous autumn-coloured leaves often holding on as a feature through winter. The dense foliage provides a refuge for wildlife and makes Hornbeam trees suited to screening, hedging and avenue planting.