What is an examining magistrate in France?

Today. Today, examining magistrates (juges d’instruction) are one of four types of French magistrates, the others being trial judges (magistrats de siège), public prosecutors (magistrats debout), and policymaking and administrative magistrates at the Ministry of Justice.

What is a French examining magistrate?

juge d’instruction, (French: judge of inquiry) in France, magistrate responsible for conducting the investigative hearing that precedes a criminal trial. In this hearing the major evidence is gathered and presented, and witnesses are heard and depositions taken.

What are the two types of magistrate?

There are two types of magistrates – the lay magistrate (not legally qualified) and what is now termed the district judge (until recently known as the stipendiary magistrate), who is legally qualified (as a barrister or solicitor).

Who investigates crimes in France?

Under French legal system criminal investigations are performed by the judicial police under the authority of the Prosecutor of the Republic or a special judge called Investigating Judge (in French “juge d’instruction”).

What do French judges do?

The judge who is appointed to the case is in charge of preparing the case and assessing whether it should come to court. In legal jargon, this system is known as inquisitorial, as opposed to the adversarial system used in Common Law legal systems.

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What is the role of judges in investigating a crime?

The judge hears all the witnesses and any other evidence presented by the prosecution and the defence. (ii)The judge decides whether the accused person is guilty or innocent on the basis of the evidence presented and in accordance with the law. (iii)If the accused is convicted, then the judge pronounces the sentence.

What are the benefits of being a magistrate?

During their service and training, magistrates develop transferable skills in many areas essential to both personal and professional development, including but not limited to:

  • Critical analysis.
  • Decision-making.
  • Giving and receiving constructive feedback.
  • Conflict resolution.
  • Teamwork.
  • Communication.
  • Time management.

What cases do magistrates deal with?

Magistrates are trained, unpaid members of their local community, who work part-time and deal with less serious criminal cases, such as minor theft, criminal damage, public disorder and motoring offences.

What’s the difference between a judge and a magistrate?

They can hear different types of cases. Judges generally hear larger, more complex cases while magistrates hear smaller matters such as petty crime and traffic offenses. … Magistrates have a smaller area of jurisdiction such as a city or county. There is a difference between the power given to a judge over a magistrate.

What are detectives called in France?

Préfecture de Police, one of the three main police forces of France. Controlled by the Ministry of the Interior, it provides the preventive police force for Paris and the Seine département.

What do French call police?

Gendarmerie. The French Gendarmerie (Gendarmerie Nationale or GN) is a police force under the administrative control of the Ministry of Interior. The French Gendarmerie is a military institution created to ensure public safety. It guarantees the protection of individuals and their properties, informs, warns and rescues …

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Are the French police armed?

France. In France the police are regularly armed, however, there is no official record of how frequently firearms are used.

How do you address a magistrate?

How to address people in court

  1. Call the Magistrate ‘Your Honour’, ‘Sir’ or ‘Madam’.
  2. Call others in the courtroom (such as lawyers and witnesses) by their title and surname; for example, Mrs Citizen.
  3. Be polite. Do not be critical or offensive to people in court.

What’s another word for magistrate?

In this page you can discover 30 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for magistrate, like: officer, jury, administrator, justice, police judge, judge, alcade, official, defendant, archon and bailiff.

Can magistrates become judges?

More experienced magistrates also deal with cases in the youth court (involving defendants aged ten to 18) or with children’s cases in the family court. In addition, magistrates can sit with a legally qualified circuit judge in the Crown Court during appeals.