What happened to the French in Algeria?

French rule in the region began in 1830 with the invasion of Algiers and lasted until the end of the Algerian War of Independence in 1962. … The war ended in 1962, when Algeria gained independence following the Evian agreements in March 1962 and the self-determination referendum in July 1962.

What happened to French settlers in Algeria?

The conflict contributed to the fall of the French Fourth Republic and the exodus of European and Jewish Algerians to France. After Algeria became independent in 1962, about 800,000 Pieds-Noirs of French nationality were evacuated to mainland France, while about 200,000 remained in Algeria.

Why did the French lose Algeria?

At least militarly, the French army controled the main cities, borders with Tunisia and Morroco were controled and the Algerian ALN was cut from its supplies. The French intelligence had several successes among them was intoxicating Algerian so they would kill each other.

Why did the French want Algeria?

The conquest of Algeria began in the last days of the Bourbon Restoration by Charles X of France. It aimed to put a definite end to Barbary privateering and increase the king’s popularity among the French people, particularly in Paris, where many veterans of the Napoleonic Wars lived.

What did the French do in Algeria?

During the conquest, the French troops were known to have looted, raped and massacred entire villages, desecrated mosques and destroyed cemeteries. This was also done during the “Penetration Pacifique” of Algeria when the French expanded from the coast into the southern rural areas.

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Who ended the Algerian war?

On March 18, 1962, France and the leaders of the Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN) sign a peace agreement to end the seven-year Algerian War, signaling the end of 130 years of colonial French rule in Algeria.

How many French died in Algeria?

Conquest of Algeria

Between 500,000 and 1,000,000, from approximately 3 million Algerians, were killed in the first three decades of the conquest. French losses from 1830 to 1851 were 3,336 killed in action and 92,329 dying in hospital.

When was the war between Algeria and France?

History has a lot to say about the atrocious crimes committed by French colonial authorities in Algeria when it colonized the country for 132 years between 1830 and 1962.