France wanted control of Egypt for two major reasons–its commercial and agricultural potential and its strategic importance to the Anglo-French rivalry. During the eighteenth century, the principal share of European trade with Egypt was handled by French merchants.
Why did Europe want to colonize Egypt?
The main interest of the British in Egypt was to keep control of the trade route that ran through Egypt to the Red Sea and then on to India. Egyptians were also an important market for British industries to sell to. On the whole, the rich and powerful ruling classes in Egypt accepted British rule.
How long did the French rule Egypt?
5 – The French occupation of Egypt, 1798–1801.
Did France Colonise Egypt?
THE FRENCH OCCUPATION of Egypt between 1798-1801 was the first colonial conquest which endeavored to bring the Enlightenment to the Orient. … When the French occupiers set out to colonize Egypt, they considered themselves both liberators and saviors of the native Egyptians.
How did the French affect Egypt?
Following the French occupation of Egypt (1798-1801), a strong French presence has remained in Egypt. Egyptian influence is also evident in France, in monuments such as the Luxor Obelisk in Paris.
Why the French invasion of Egypt was unsuccessful?
Much later, Napoleon would write that the desert itself was “most difficult to surmount.” The expedition suffered from a lack of food and water, which weakened and demoralized the troops. This was the first hint of how supply problems would eventually cripple French hopes for conquering and holding the country.
How did Egypt get colonized?
From 1882-1922, Britain formally occupied Egypt and controlled its government. At first, in what was called a veiled protectorate, Britain managed the Egyptian budget, took over the training of its military, and basically ran Egypt through a series of commissions designed to protect British investments.
What effects did colonization have on Egypt?
The British occupation saw an increase in archaeological fieldwork, tourism, and irrigation projects to boost Egypt’s cotton production and exportation. Egypt declared independence in 1922, although Britain did not withdraw all its troops until after the 1956 Suez Crisis.
What happened to the French army in Egypt?
Despite the fact that the military Campaign was a failure, when the French Fleet was destroyed by Lord Nelson and the British Navy at Aboukir in the Battle of the Nile (effectively blockading the Army of the Orient in Egypt), the Egyptian Campaign acquired legendary status.
When did the British colonize Egypt?
The British occupied Egypt in 1882, but they did not annex it: a nominally independent Egyptian government continued to operate. But the country had already been colonized by the European powers whose influence had grown considerably since the mid-nineteenth century.