Question: When did French come to India?

The French settlement in India began in 1673 with the purchase of land at Chandernagore from the Mughal Governor of Bengal. The next year they acquired Pondicherry from the Sultan of Bijapur. Both became the centres of maritime commercial activities of the French in India.

When did French East India come to India?

French East India Company

Company flag
Coat of Arms Motto: Florebo quocumque ferar Latin for “I will flourish wherever I will be brought”
Founded 1 September 1664
Founder Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Fate Dissolved and activities absorbed by the French Crown in 1769; reconstituted 1785, bankrupt 1794

Who came to India first British or French?

French East India Company was set up in 1664 during the French ruler Louis XIV, with the support of his Finance Minister Colbert. It was a government company. 1st French settlement in India was at Surat (1668) and 2nd at Masulipatnam (1669).

European Powers That Came To India.

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Sr. No. 1.
Fort Fort St. George (British)
Year 1664
Place Chennai

When did France come to India in UPSC?

FAQ about French India for UPSC

The French settlement in India began in 1673. The French purchased Chandernagore from the Mughal Governor of Bengal. Next year they acquired Pondicherry from the Sultan of Bijapur. Both became the centres of commercial activities of the French in India.

How many French colonies were in India?

These five French colonies are Pondicherry, Karaikal in Tamil Nadu and Yanaon in Andhra Pradesh on the Coromandel Coast, Mahe in Kerala on the Malabar Coast and Chandernagore in West Bengal.

Why did the French came to India?

The French came to India mainly with a purpose of trade and commerce. From their arrival until 1741 AD, the objectives of the French, like those of the British, were purely commercial. The French East India Company took hold of Yanam in 1723 AD, Mahe on Malabar Coast in 1725 AD and Karaikal in 1739 AD.

Who was the first British to land in India?

John Mildenhall, a merchant adventurer, was the first Englishman who arrived in India in 1599 AD, by the overland route, ostensibly for the purpose of trade with Indian merchants.

Did the French occupy India?

The French were late by six decades in India. As with other European colonists — British and the Dutch, the French too started their colonisation through commercial activities. … The French settlement in India began in 1673 with the purchase of land at Chandernagore from the Mughal Governor of Bengal.

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When did the French leave India?

French India

French Settlements in India Établissements français dans l’Inde
Legislature Representative Assembly of French India
Historical era Imperialism
• First French East India Company Commissioner of Surat 1684
• De facto transfer 1 November 1954

Who invaded India first?

The first group to invade India were the Aryans, who came out of the north in about 1500 BC. The Aryans brought with them strong cultural traditions that, miraculously, still remain in force today. They spoke and wrote in a language called Sanskrit, which was later used in the first documentation of the Vedas.

Why did Europeans came to India?

Why Europeans came to India? Trade in Agro-based product like Cotton and handicrafts was the major reason which led to the advent of Europeans. India was the major source of the spices. Some spices have antibiotic properties and they were also used to preserve the food.

Which European country came to India first?

Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast. Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, in July 1497, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and anchored at Malindi on the east coast of Africa.

When did the English fight the French?

From 1778 to 1783, with or without their allies, France and Britain fought over dominance in the English Channel, the Mediterranean, the Indian Ocean and the Caribbean.

Anglo-French War (1778–1783)

Date June 1778 – September 1783
Result French victory Treaty of Versailles
Territorial changes Tobago and Gorée acquired by France
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Is French Guiana France?

French Guiana, overseas territorial collectivity of France, situated on the northeastern coast of South America. French Guiana is bounded by Brazil to the south and east, Suriname to the west, and the Atlantic Ocean to the northeast. The capital is Cayenne.

Which Indian place comes under French control?

Answer: These five French colonies are Pondicherry, Karaikal in Tamil Nadu and Yanaon in Andhra Pradesh on the Coromandel Coast, Mahe in Kerala on the Malabar Coast and Chandernagore in West Bengal.

Why were the French unsuccessful in India?

The lack of naval strength of the French compared to that of the English was one of the decisive factors for the failure of the French in India. … Deficiency in naval strength was the major cause of the French failure in face of English naval superiority.