Question: Is there a continuous tense in French?

French doesn’t have a Present Progressive tense. … To emphasize actions that are in the process of happening even as you speak, use the simple Present Tense form of ÊTRE + en train de + the Infinitive form of the verb (i.e., action) that is going on: Je suis en train d’étudier.

Is there past continuous tense in French?

The past continuous tense in French is generally expressed using the imparfait. It is used to express something that was ongoing in the past, or something that was happening when something else happened. … (In French, that’s called the imparfait.)

What are the 4 tenses in French?

French Indicative Verb Tenses

  • Présent (present) …
  • Imparfait (imperfect) …
  • Passé simple (simple past) …
  • Passé composé (past perfect) …
  • Futur simple (future simple) …
  • Plus-que-parfait (pluperfect) …
  • Passé antérieur (past anterior)
  • Futur antérieur (future anterior)

What does en train de mean?

Translation of “en train de” in English. Adverb Other. in the process of. about to. in the act of trying to going to in the middle of talking to starting to by train from being.

IMPORTANT:  Do people give gifts in France for Christmas?

How do you do future tense in French?

B – The Future in French

We don’t use any auxiliary to form the future tense in French. The verb endings will indicate the future tense. To form the future tense in French, we add to the infinitive of the verb (be careful: not the stem, but the whole infinitive, including the ER) the endings “ai, as, a, ons, ez, ont”.

Is there ing in French?

In French, the present participle of a verb (the ‐ing form) may be used with the preposition en (while, on, upon, by, in, when) to form a gerund (a noun that, in English, ends in ‐ing). When used without en, the present participle may act as an adjective and is also used to express the ‐ing form of the verb in English.

Is Imparfait the same as past continuous?

The imparfait is (more or less) equivalent to the English past continuous, though sometimes it’s better translated by the simple past. … To emphasize an ongoing action in the past, you can use the expression être en train de + infinitive.

Does French have a present tense?

There is just one single present tense in French, unlike in English where the present tense has two different forms, the present simple and the present progressive, The Present Tense in French, le temps présent, is used to express both momentary action and progressive action.

What is the imperative in French?

The imperative, (l’impératif in French) is used to give commands, orders, or express wishes, like ‘Stop!’ , ‘Listen!’ … There are three forms of the imperative: tu, nous and vous. For all verbs, the imperative is formed by taking the corresponding forms of the present indicative, but without subject pronouns.

IMPORTANT:  How do you say 12 months in French?

Was past tense French?

1. The preterite, or past historic – le préterite ou passé simple

Verb Preterite or simple past tense
être je fus, tu fus, il fut, nous fûmes, vous fûtes, ils furent,
avoir j’eus, tu eus, il eut, nous eûmes, vous eûtes, ils eurent,
pouvoir je pus, tu pus, il put, nous pûmes, vous pûtes, ils purent,

How do you use en train in French?

When you want to insist on the ongoing, continuous nature of a current action in French, use the expression être en train de with an infinitive denoting the action. For example: Je suis en train de parler. > I am (in the process of) speaking (right now).

Is French hard to learn?

The FSI scale ranks French as a “category I language”, considered as “more similar to English”, as compared to categories III and IV “hard” or “super-hard languages”. According to the FSI, French is one of the easiest languages to learn for a native English speaker.

What is imperfect French?

What is l’imparfait? L’imparfait (the imperfect) is a French past tense. It describes states and actions that were ongoing or repeated in the past. The imperfect can correspond to the English simple past tense, but also to structures such as used to and would and even the past progressive.

How many French tenses are there?

There are over 20 tenses in French!

French tenses include the present, past, and future tenses. They indicate when an action occurs. However, French grammar also uses moods, les modes, to indicate how the speaker feels about the action.

IMPORTANT:  Who wanted the Treaty of Versailles?