Question: How many French collaborators were executed?

At the close of the war, France punished many Nazi collaborators: 9,000 were summarily executed during the liberation campaign, 1,500 were executed after a trial, and 40,000 were sentenced to prison.

What happened to the Vichy collaborators?

Pierre Laval, the puppet leader of Nazi-occupied Vichy France, is executed by firing squad for treason against France. … Henri Pétain took over the new Vichy state, and Laval served as minister of state.

How many French Resistance members died?

Resistance workers carried out thousands of acts of sabotage against the German occupiers. The risks were great. More than 90,000 resisters were killed, tortured or deported by the Germans.

How many German soldiers were executed?

At least 15,000 German soldiers were executed for desertion alone, and up to 50,000 were killed for often minor acts of insubordination. An unknown number were summarily executed, often in the moment, by their officers or comrades when they refused to follow commands.

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How many Germans killed French Resistance?

Their actions were often brutal and included torture and execution of Resistance suspects. After the liberation of France in the summer of 1944, the French executed many of the estimated 25,000 to 35,000 miliciens for their collaboration with the Nazis.

Why did Germany not occupy all of France?

Because France was not a strategic priority, and in fact occupying all of France would be counterproductive to Nazi Germany. As you can see, the occupation was designed in a way so that to cut off France from Great Britain and by extension America.

Who was the leader of Vichy France?

Vichy France, formally French State, French État Français, (July 1940–September 1944), France under the regime of Marshal Philippe Pétain from the Nazi German defeat of France to the Allied liberation in World War II.

How many French were actually in the resistance?

Resistance records claim that ultimately there were 400,000 resisters. But official French government numbers say 220,000, while Porch’s research shows 75,000. The truth may never be known.

How did war disrupt French agriculture and livelihood?

France had approximately 5,400,000 farmers on the eve of the conflict, with about half of them needed for the war effort. When the front was set, nearly 2,500,000 hectares of agricultural land was lost. … In the first six months of the war, the French livestock herds were decimated.

Did Germany conquer all of France in ww2?

The campaign against the Low Countries and France lasted less than six weeks. Germany attacked in the west on May 10, 1940. … As part of the armistice agreement France signed with Germany on June 22, Germany occupied northern France and all of France’s Atlantic coastline down to the border with Spain.

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How many British soldiers were executed for desertion in ww2?

By charge

Charge Number
Desertion 266
Murder 37
Cowardice 18
Quitting a post without authority 7

What country killed the most German soldiers in World War 2?

Russians also point to the fact that Soviet forces killed more German soldiers than their Western counterparts, accounting for 76 percent of Germany’s military dead.

How many Jews died at Auschwitz?

How many were sent to Auschwitz: 1.3 million. The Holocaust Memorial Museum estimates that 1.3 million people were sent to the death camp in occupied Poland. Of this total, nearly 1.1 million were Jews, 960,000 of which died in the camp.

How many French soldiers were killed in ww2?

Deaths by Country

Country Military Deaths Total Civilian and Military Deaths
France 217,600 567,600
French Indochina 1-1,500,000
Germany 5,533,000 6,600,000-8,800,000
Greece 20,000-35,000 300,000-800,000

Where did the French Resistance get their weapons?

One of the movement’s biggest complaints was that the Allies were failing to supply them enough. And even so, one of Halbrook’s interviewees estimated that 85 percent of the group’s guns came from airdrops, with just 15 percent being guns that civilians brought themselves, often without ammunition.