In French the subjunctive is used after certain verbs and conjunctions when two parts of a sentence have different subjects. I’m afraid he won’t come back. (The subject of the first part of the sentence is ‘I’; the subject of the second part of the sentence is ‘he’.)
What phrases use subjunctive in French?
29 French Subjunctive Phrases
- il faut que – it’s necessary.
- il vaut mieux que – it’s better.
- il est/ c’est important que – it’s important.
- il est / c’est dommage que – it’s too bad. …
- il est / c’est impossible – it’s impossible that.
- il est / c’est possible que – it’s possible that.
Is the subjunctive still used?
That’s because the English subjunctive is pretty weak. It can be used in counterfactual situations, but it generally isn’t required. Because it’s optional and subtle (it looks just like the plural indicative forms of most verbs), it’s no surprise it’s disappearing.
How do you know when to use the indicative or subjunctive in French?
The subjunctive is used after verbs and expressions of doubt, denial, and disbelief. The indicative tenses, which state facts (present, passé composé, imperfect, and future) are used after verbs and expressions of certainty and probability.
How do you form the subjunctive in French?
Start with the present tense ils conjugation of the verb. Drop –ent to find the subjunctive stem. Add the appropriate subjunctive ending: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent.
Does il est clair que take subjunctive?
Il est clair / C’est clair may require the subjunctive, depending on whether it is used affirmatively, negatively, or interrogatively: Par exemple… Il est clair / C’est clair qu’elle a tort. It’s clear that she is mistaken.
Does Je pense que take subjunctive?
You are right, it does require the subjunctive. “Je ne pense pas que vous alliez acheter cela” is theoretically correct, but it sounds weird.
Which languages use subjunctive?
The subjunctive – sometimes called the “conjunctive” – is found in many European languages – French, Portuguese, Italian, German, and even Welsh, to name just a few. English speakers often struggle to learn it. The subjunctive is a mood, not a tense.
Is subjunctive used in spoken English?
The English subjunctive is a special, relatively rare verb form that expresses something desired or imagined. We use the subjunctive mainly when talking about events that are not certain to happen.
Form of were-subjunctive.
|he, she, it||were|
Does English have the subjunctive?
English does not have a distinct subjunctive verb form, since the bare verb form is not exclusively subjunctive. It is also used in other constructions such as imperatives and infinitivals. … For almost all verbs, the bare form is syncretic with the present tense form used in all persons except the third person singular.
Does avant que take subjunctive?
The French term avant que means “before.” It is a conjunction, and it requires the subjunctive.
Does pour que use subjunctive?
Yes, pour que requires the subjunctive: Par exemple… J’y vais pour que ma femme soit contente.
Is Je suis sur subjunctive?
Être sûr may require the subjunctive, depending on whether it is used affirmatively, negatively, or interrogatively: Par exemple… Je suis sûr que Viviane le sait.
Why is subjunctive used in French?
The French subjunctive is a special verb form, called a mood, that is used in dependent clauses to indicate some sort of subjectivity, uncertainty, or unreality in the mind of the speaker. In French, feelings like doubt and desire require the subjunctive, as do expressions of necessity, possibility, and judgment.
What is an example of a subjunctive?
If I were in the program, I would sing the song. I suggest that Lisa write the article. I propose that Suzan be asked to perform in the program.
What is etre in subjunctive French?
The verbs être (to be) and avoir (to have) are conjugated in the subjunctive in the following manner. être en. Que je sois. Que tu sois.