Some 39 languages are spoken in Senegal, including French (the official language) and Arabic.
What is the main language in Senegal?
Senegal is a multilingual country: Ethnologue lists 36 languages, Wolof being the most widely spoken language. French, which was inherited from the colonial era, is the official language of Senegal. It is used by the administration and understood by about 15–20% of all males and about 1–2% of all women.
Why is French the official language in Senegal?
By 1677, France had complete control of the region. As a result of this period of French rule, which lasted until 1960, the French language became and remains the official language of Senegal. French is used by the government to make public announcements and is the language of instruction in public schools.
How many Senegalese speak French?
Although French is the official language, it is spoken by only about 37% of the population, mostly as a second language. In contrast, 72% use Wolof to communicate with speakers of other Senegalese languages.
What languages are spoken in Senegal besides French?
French is the official language. Other languages spoken are Wolof, Pulaar, Serer, Diola and Mandingo.
What countries in Africa do they speak French?
French in Africa: 29 Countries Where French is Spoken
- Benin. Benin, located in the west, is one of Africa’s most stable democracies. …
- Burkina Faso. …
- Burundi. …
- Cameroon. …
- Comoros. …
- The Republic of Congo. …
- The Democratic Republic of Congo. …
- The Ivory Coast.
How do you say hello in Senegal?
Greetings and essentials
- Salaam aleekum (Sa-laam-a-ley-kum): hello;
- Respond with malekum salaam (mal-ay-kum-sal-aam): hello to you.
- Na nga def (nan-ga-def): how are you?
- Respond with maa ngi fi (man-gi-fi): I’m fine, thanks.
- Jërejëf (je-re-jef): thank you.
- Waaw / déedéyt (wao / dey-dey): yes / no.
When did France colonize Senegal?
The French conquest of Senegal started in 1659 with the establishment of Saint-Louis, Senegal, followed by the French capture of the island of Gorée from the Dutch in 1677, but would only become a full-scale campaign in the 19th century.
Is Senegal a poor country?
Senegal, the westernmost country in Africa, has a population of about 15 million people. Nearly half of the Senegalese population – 46.7 percent, to be exact – are living in poverty. … In rural areas, 66 percent of residents are considered poor compared to 23 percent of residents in Dakar.
Who colonized Gambia?
The Gambia was administered as a part of British West Africa from 1821 to 1843. It was a separate colony with its own governor until 1866, when control was returned to the governor-general at Freetown, Sierra Leone, as it would remain until 1889.