How did the British and French rule their colonies?

France ruled their colonies with Direct Rule, using officials and soldiers from France to administer their colonies. Britain used Indirect Rule, using Sultans, Chiefs, or other local rulers to govern their colonies.

How did France rule their colonies?

Colonies were ruled, on the one hand, through decrees issued by two different ministries (the Ministry of the Interior and the Colonial Office) in Paris and, on the other hand, by executive orders that made the representative of the French government the main source of the law.

How did French and British style of colonial rule differ?

According to this view, French colonial administration was very centralized and based on assimilation of colonial territories with France, while British colonial administration was much more decentralized, based upon cooperation with local chiefs.

How did the British rule their colonies in Africa?

The British employed various systems of governance in their African colonies. These were through the agency of (1) trading companies, (2) indirect rule, (3) the settler rule, and then the unique joint rule of the Sudan with the Egyptians known as the (4) condominium government. Trading Companies .

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How did the French rule Africa?

The French presence in Africa dates to the 17th century, but the main period of colonial expansion came in the 19th century with the invasion of Ottoman Algiers in 1830, conquests in West and Equatorial Africa during the so-called scramble for Africa and the establishment of protectorates in Tunisia and Morocco in the …

How did the English control their colonies?

Each colony had its own government, but the British king controlled these governments. … This meant that they could not govern themselves and make their own laws. They had to pay high taxes to the king. They felt that they were paying taxes to a government where they had no representation.

Was France a colony of Britain?

At its height it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power. … A series of wars in the 17th and 18th centuries with the Netherlands and France left England (Britain, following the 1707 Act of Union with Scotland) the dominant colonial power in North America.

What were the differences between the British policy of indirect rule and the French policy of assimilation?

The difference between the British policy of indirect rule and the French policy of assimilation. … Laws used in French colonies were made in France, while in British colonies laws were made by the respective Legislative Councils.

In what ways did Britain and France try and influence their former colonies after independence?

What are two ways that Britain and France tried to preserve their interests in former colonies? European business to stay there, and keep their military bases there. What other regions of the world were becoming independence at the same time as Africa?

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What was the French colonial capital of France?

The French colonial empire (French: Empire colonial français) comprised the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate territories that came under French rule from the 16th century onward.

French colonial empire.

French colonial empire Empire colonial français
Status Colonial empire
Capital Paris

Why did France colonize Africa?

The French goal of increasing their stake in West Africa was influenced by similar policies undertaken by their fellow Europeans in Africa culminating in the late nineteenth century with a European “scramble for Africa.” Industrialization and economic conditions in Europe influenced the expansion of European interests …

How many colonies did France have in Africa?

French West Africa (French: Afrique-Occidentale française, AOF) was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Ivory Coast, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin) and Niger.

Which continents did France establish colonies in?

France established colonies in North America, the Caribbean, and India in the 17th century, and while it lost most of its American holdings to Spain and Great Britain before the end of the 18th century, it eventually expanded its Asian and African territories in the 19th century.

Does France have any colonies?

The five overseas collectivities of France include: Saint-Barthélemy (Caribbean) Saint-Martin (Caribbean) Saint Pierre and Miquelon (North America)

Who did France colonize in Africa?

French West Africa was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte d’Ivoire, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin), and Niger.

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