Frequent question: Why did the French settle in the Great Lakes region?

For the early French explorers, the more continent they discovered the more their hopes were frustrated. They had hoped that the vast St. Lawrence-Great Lakes waterway was part of a Northwest Passage to the wealth of the Orient. They were eager to hear word of salt water and strange people to the west.

Why did the French need to settle along major rivers and lakes?

The rivers were their main way of traveling. The French wanted to control the American Indian trade in the Ohio River Valley and keep the Pennsylvania traders out. They also needed the American Indians living there to be their allies.

Why did French explorers travel to Michigan?

The first Europeans to arrive in Michigan were the French. Explorer Etienne Brule traveled through Michigan in 1618 searching for a route to China. Soon the French laid claim to the land and began to trade with the local natives for furs. … Michigan was then part of the “Old Northwest”.

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Why did the French come to Wisconsin?

French explorers first reached Wisconsin in the 17th century. Most came in hopes of discovering new paths to the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico for trade and transportation. These early explorers inspired many other traders and missionaries to come to Wisconsin in the late 17th and 18th centuries.

Who settled the Great Lakes?

Some the first Europeans to come to the Great Lakes region were Christian missionaries. One of the most active groups was the Society of Jesus, or the Jesuits, a Roman Catholic religious order that first started to preach among the Iroquoian-speaking Hurons of Lake Huron in 1625.

Why did the French explorers settle in North America?

Besides expanding the fur trade, the French wanted to find a river passage across North America (for a trade route to Asia), explore and secure territory, and establish Christian missions to convert Native peoples.

Why did France settle in North America?

Motivations for colonization: The French colonized North America to create trading posts for the fur trade. Some French missionaries eventually made their way to North America in order to convert Native Americans to Catholicism.

What did French explorers find in North America?

Cartier headed three expeditions to North America (1534, 1535, and 1541), during which he discovered the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the Saint Lawrence River. Although he is one of the best-known explorers in American history, historians cite three factors that could diminish his stature.

Why did the French explore the New World?

The French began their exploration of the New World by looking for new fishing waters and the Northwest Passage. At first, they only founded temporary trading posts, but as profits increased and more French people found their way to the New World, permanent settlements were established, such as New Orleans.

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What were the French explorers establishing along the St Lawrence River and around the Great Lakes?

In 1534, Francis sent Jacques Cartier on the first of three voyages to explore the coast of Newfoundland and the St. Lawrence River. Cartier founded New France by planting a cross on the shore of the Gaspé Peninsula.

Where did French settle in Wisconsin?

Jean Nicolet supposedly landed near present-day Green Bay, Wisconsin in 1634, naming the waterway La Baye des Puants, literally “Bay of Bad Odors.”It was not until the 1680s, however, that the French would gain a firm foothold in the territory, led primarily by commandant Nicholas Perrot, and the Jesuit priest Claude …

Why did the French want to find a way to the Orient?

That year, the government of King Francis I of France commissioned Cartier to lead an expedition to the “northern lands,” as the east coast of North America was then known. The purpose of the voyage was to find a northwest passage to Asia, as well as to collect riches such as gold and spices along the way.

Which European explorer first arrived in Wisconsin and why?

In 1634, French explorer Jean Nicolet landed at Green Bay, becoming the first European to visit the lake-heavy northern region that would later become Wisconsin. In 1763, at the conclusion of the French and Indian Wars, the region, a major center of the American fur trade, passed into British control.

Which European settled in the Great Lakes region of the Louisiana Territory?

A French fur-trappers and traders populated the Great Lakes region and funneled countless pelts to forts and outposts as a way of earning their livelihood.

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What formed the Great Lakes?

About 20,000 years ago, the climate warmed and the ice sheet retreated. Water from the melting glacier filled the basins , forming the Great Lakes. Approximately 3,000 years ago, the Great Lakes reached their present shapes and sizes.

Why is lake Superior not a sea?

The Great Lakes are considered lakes due to the fact that they are fresh water lakes. Not saltwater like seas. In other words lakes can be salt or fresh water, but seas are always salt water.