Frequent question: How is etre used in French?

Whether temporary or permanent, être expresses a sense of being with adjectives, adverbs, and nouns. Je suis fatigué. I’m tired.

How do you use être in a sentence?

The following sentences use the verb être either as a main verb or as an auxiliary verb:

  1. Je suis content(e): I am happy (main verb)
  2. Il est professeur: He is a teacher (main verb)
  3. Nous sommes en France: We are in France (main verb)
  4. Vous êtes en retard: You are late (main verb)

Where is être used?

Être is not only common because it means “to be”, but also because many verbs use être as an auxiliary verb to form compound tenses such as passé composé. In those cases we sometimes have to translate it as “have.”

How do you use avoir and être in French?

For starters, on their own, the verb être means “to be” and the verb avoir means “to have.” These two verbs are used in this simple sense to say things like je suis professeur (I am a teacher) or elle a une tasse (she has a cup).

How do you conjugate être?

Let’s conjugate ÊTRE

  1. I am = Je suis. I am a woman = Je suis une femme.
  2. You are = Tu es (casual) You are so friendly = Tu es si gentil.
  3. She is = Elle est. …
  4. He is = Il est. …
  5. We are = on est. …
  6. We are = nous sommes. …
  7. You are = vous êtes (formal or you all) …
  8. They are = Elles sont (for an exclusively feminine group)
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Is manger avoir or être?

Whether you use avoir or être basically depends on the main verb. In the above examples, manger, like most verbs, uses avoir. But tomber is a special verb that uses être instead.

What is the tu form of être?

See the notes on the conjugation of être at the end of this page.

être: Conjugation.

Present Perfect
je suis tu es il/elle est nous sommes vous êtes ils/elles sont Pronounce these verb forms j’ ai été tu as été il/elle a été nous avons été vous avez été ils/elles ont été Pronounce these verb forms
Imperfect Pluperfect

Does souvenir use être?

The passé composé of Souvenir is formed by combining the auxiliary verb s’être with the past participle souvenu.

Does Mrs Vandertramp use être?

Application in French

Well, the VANDERTRAMP verbs use être as opposed to avoir when placed into the past tense.

Does Sortir use être?

Most verbs use either avoir or être as the auxiliary verb in Le Passé Composé (or other compound tense), but sortir uses both, depending on its grammatical usage* and what it means in the sentence. … – The intransitive version (lacking a direct object), uses être.

Why do some French verbs use être?

Verbs are conjugated with être because they are intransitive (have no direct object).