The French indicative mood, le mode indicatif or simply l’indicatif, is the most common of the four French verb moods and is used when discussing facts or certainties. There are eight tenses within le mode indicatif, two of which are literary. Le Présent.
What is the difference between Subjonctif and indicatif?
Unlike the indicative in French which expresses a reality – a certainty, the subjunctive evokes the unreal or subjectivity. It is used to express: a wish: “J’aimerais qu’il fasse plus chaud !” (“I wish it was hotter!”)
How do you form indicatif?
The present indicative or présent de l’indicatif in french, is a simple tense. This tense is not formed with an auxiliary.
Present indicative endings.
|ils / elles||-ent|
|3rd group||Verbs in -oir|
What are the 3 types of infinitives in French?
In French, there are three main groups of infinitive endings:
- -er such as manger (to eat).
- -ir such as finir (to finish).
- -re such as vendre (to sell)
Where can I use subjonctif?
The subjunctive is a verb form that is used in certain circumstances to express some sort of feeling, or to show there is doubt about whether something will happen or whether something is true. It is only used occasionally in modern English, for example, If I were you, I wouldn’t bother.; So be it.
How do I remember subjonctif?
Remember that the verb preceding the use of the subjonctif can be in any tense, but the subjonctif itself can only be in the present or the past.
How do you conjugate in Subjonctif?
For most verbs, the present subjunctive is formed by dropping the -o ending from the first person singular yo of the present indicative and adding the present subjunctive endings. The present subjunctive endings are different for –ar verbs (–e, -es, -e, -emos, -en) and –er/-ir verbs (–a, -as, -a, -amos, -an).
What is the passe compose of Sortir?
The passé composé of Sortir is formed by combining the auxiliary verb être with the past participle sorti.
What is the subjunctive in French?
The French subjunctive is a special verb form, called a mood, that is used in dependent clauses to indicate some sort of subjectivity, uncertainty, or unreality in the mind of the speaker. In French, feelings like doubt and desire require the subjunctive, as do expressions of necessity, possibility, and judgment.
What is the L Infinitif?
L’infinitif. The French infinitive, which always ends in –er, –ir, or –re, serves as the name of any given verb. … Because the infinitive has no number or person marker, it’s known as an impersonal verb mood. French infinitives are generally equivalent to “to” + verb in English.
What is futur proche in French?
LE FUTUR PROCHE. In French there are two tenses for the future tense, just like in English (you can say « i’m going to go » and « i will go » they both express a notion of future. « Futur proche » is like « i am going to go ». The good news is that it’s the easiest tense the French have, as there is NO exception.
What are all the tenses in French?
There are 8 different verb tenses in the indicative mood: présent (present), imparfait (imperfect), passé simple (simple past), futur simple (simple future), passé composé (perfect), plus-que-parfait (pluperfect), passé antérieur (past anterior), and futur antérieur (future anterior).
What is imperative in French?
The imperative, (l’impératif in French) is used to give commands, orders, or express wishes, like ‘Stop!’ , ‘Listen!’ You may recognize the imperative from commands such as ‘Ecoutez’ or ‘Répétez’. It is one of four moods in the French language. … There are three forms of the imperative: tu, nous and vous.
Is Manger an infinitive?
Manger is a regular French -er verb, but it is also a spelling-change verb. This means that it takes all the regular -er endings, but a small spelling change is made to the stem for consistency of pronunciation. The stem: the infinitive manger minus the -er ending, which leaves the stem mang-.
What is the second verb rule in French?
present participle. Verbs with infinitives ending in -ir form a second group of regular verbs in French, often called ‘second conjugation’ verbs. To conjugate these verbs, drop the -ir from the infinitive and add the second conjugation present tense endings: -is, -is, -it, -issons, -issez, -issent.